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JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. NURSING NEWS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS INTERNATIONAL The Prize Competition for the International Congress of Nurses, San Fran- cisco, May 31-June 4, 1915. Two prizes, one of $100 and one of $50 have been offered by Jane A. Delano, Chairman of the National Committee on Red Cross Nursing Service of the United States, for the best and second best invention by a nurse. Inventions entered in this competition are to be displayed at the exhibition to be held on the occasion of the third International Congress of Nurses, May 31-June 6, 1915. This exhi- bition is to be a part of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Fran- cisco, February 20-December 4, 1915. Inventions. — The inventions shall include any device invented by a nurse for the promotion of the comfort, relief or welfare of a sick person. Preference in the awarding of prizes will be shown to those inventions which have the greatest practical bearing and whose usefulness shall have been demonstrated in the most obvious manner by the models entered in the competition. Directions for Applications. — (A) All persons intending to compete for these prizes must make application to Miss L. L. Dock, International Secretary, 265 Henry Street, New York City, before November 15, 1914, giving the amount of space, floor or wall, which will be required for the exhibition of their inventions. (B) Applications for space must be accompanied by a letter of introduction from some organization represented in the International Council, or endorsed by representatives of the following countries : hist of Names. — Great Britain, Mrs. Bedford Fenwick, 20 Upper Wimpole St., London, W. United States, Anne W. Goodrich, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York. Germany, German Nurses Association, Regensburger Str., 28 Berlin, W. 50. Holland, Miss Von Lanschot Hubrecht, Nic. Maesstraat 85, Amsterdam, Holland. Finland, Madame Mannerheim, Surgical Hospital, Helsingfors, Finland. Denmark, Danish Nurses' Association, Kronprinsesse- gade 50, Copenhagen. Canada, Mary Ard Mackenzie, Victorian Order of Nurses, Ottawa. India, Mrs. Etha Butcher Klosz, Queen's Mansions, Prescott Road, Bombay. New Zealand, Hester Maclean, Government Buildings, Wellington, N. Z. France, Dr. Anna Hamilton, Rue Cassignol, Bordeaux. Italy, Amy Turton, care Queen Helena's Training School, Polyclinic Hospital, Rome. Japan, Miss Hagiware, Red Cross Hospital, Tokio. Switzerland, Emmy Oser, Platten str., 33 II Zurich. Sweden, Emmy Lindhagen, Serafimer Hosp., Stockholm. Norway, Miss B. Larssen, Hammerfestgt, 13 II Christiana. Australia, The Australian Tn Nurses' Association, Equitable Building, Sydney, N. S. W. Royal Victoria Tr. Nurses' Association, 85 Collins St., Melbourne, Victoria. China, Miss Chung, Women's Medical School Hospital, Tientsin. Cuba, Eugenie Hibbard, Hospital No. 1, Havana. (C) Should the invention be eligible for competition notification will be sent to the applicant, together with directions for shipping. Directions for Entries. — (A) Articles entered for this competition must be received at San Francisco on or before December 31, 1914. (B) All transportation 990 The American Journal of Nursing charges to and from the Exposition must be borne by the competitors. (G) All inventions entered must bear a card, first: explaining the operation of the device; second: the name and address of the inventor; third: the name of the training school and date of graduation of the inventor. (D) Exhibits must be left in the Exposition Building until the close of the Exposition. (E) Exhibitors who de- sire to set up their own exhibits may do so. (F) Further information can be obtained, if necessary, from the Chairman of the Arrangements Committee, Mrs. Helen Criswell. Award of Prizes.— Award of prizes will be made by a committee appointed by the International Council when it convenes in San Francisco in 1915. Secretary, International Council of Nurses, Lavina L. Dock, 265 Henry Street, New York, N. Y. Chairman Committee of Exhibits, Dr. Helen P. Criswell, Wake Robin Ridge, Los Gatos, Calif. Committee on Specifications: Carrie M. Hall, Chairman, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston, Mass. Ada M. Carr, Instructive District Nursing Association, Boston, Mass. Nancy P. Ellicott, Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y. NATIONAL american nurses' association Report of the Nurses' Relief Fund May 1, 1914 RECEIPTS Previously acknowledged $3018.62 Nurses' Alumnae Association Pennsylvania Hospital 10.00 Interest on Bond (Atchinson, Santa Fe and Topeka) 20.00 Calendar Fund — L. A. Giberson, Chairman 250.00 German Hospital Alumnae Association, New York City 10.00 Calendar Fund — L. A. Giberson, Chairman 175.00 Calendar Fund — L. A. Giberson, Chairman 341 .00 Mary B. Eyre, Denver, Col 3.00 Oshkosh Nurses' Association, Wis 10.00 National Homeopathic Graduates of Washington, D. C 18.00 Elizabeth P. Lindheimer, New York City 1 .00 Connecticut Training School 10.00 Bethesda Hospital Alumnae Association, St. Louis, Mo 5.00 $3871.62 disbursements L. A. Giberson, Chairman, postage, expressage, printing circular letters, record book, etc 821.88 Balance May 1, 1914 $3849.74 8 Bonds par value 8000.00 $11849.74 Nursing News and Announcements 991 RECEIPTS June 1, 1914 Previously acknowledged $3849 . 74 Interest on bond, Illinois Central R. R. Co 20 00 Emma Duensing (Pledge for three years) 1 .00 Cooper Hospital Alumnae Association, Camden, N. J 5 . 00 Illinois Training School Alumnae Assocation, Chicago 25 . 00 L. A. Giberson, Chairman Calendar Fund 251 .45 L. A. Giberson, Chairman Calendar Fund 4 49 Graduates of the National Homeopathic Hospital, Washington, D. C. 3.00 L. A. Giberson, Chairman Calendar Fund 4.50 June 1, 1914 $4164.18 8 Bonds par value 8000.00 Total $12164 18 July 1, 1914 Previously acknowledged $4164. 18 Roosevelt Hospital Alumnae Association, New York City 50. 00 Graduate Nurses' Association of St. Louis 10. 00 Jefferson Medical College Nurses' Association, Philadelphia 100. 00 Alumnae Association Orange Training School, New Jersey (pledge for 5 years) 10.00 Wisconsin Association of Graduate Nurses 25 . 00 Lakeside Hospital Alumnae Association, Cleveland, Ohio 10. 00 Edith Huntington, Rochester, N. Y 1.00 $4370. 18 DISBURSEMENTS Exchange on cheques, Farmers Loan & Trust Co $1.70 Design for Calendar 5.00 6.70 $4363.48 8 Bonds par value 8000.00 Total, July 1, 1914 $12363.48 Contributions for the Relief Fund should be sent to Mrs. C. V. Twiss, R. N., Treasurer, 419 West 144th St., New York City, and cheques made payable to the Farmers Loan and Trust Company, New York City, N. Y. For information address L. A. Giberson, R. N., American Oncologic Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. Cash received for expenses of International Congress of Nurses, San Fran- cisco, 1915: 992 The American Journal of Nursing Mrs. J. E. Roth, Pittsburgh, Pa $ 5.00 Graduate Nurses' Association of West Virginia 25. 00 German Hospital Alumnae Association, New York City 25.00 Graduate Nurses' Association of St. Louis, Mo 10. 00 Alumnae Association Orange Training School for Nurses, New Jersey. . 15.00 Jefferson Medical College Nurses' Alumnae Association 25. 00 Wisconsin Association of Graduate Nurses 50.00 Jefferson County Graduate Nurses' Club, Louisville, Ky 5. 00 Joe O'Connor, Louisville, Ky 1 . 00 Total $161. 00 July 1, 1911 Contributions for the Nurses' Relief Fund should be sent to the general treas- urer of the American Nurses' Association, Mrs. C. V. Twiss, 419 West 144th Street, New York City. Pledges for the expenses of the International Congress of Nurses at San Francisco, Cal., 19J.4, should be sent to Mrs. C. V. Twiss, treas- urer, 419 West 144th Street, New York City, New York. Contributions for the Isabel Hampton Robb Memorial Fund, should be sent to Mary M. Riddle, Newton Hospital, Newton Lower Falls, Mass. Repobt of the Isabel Hampton Robb Fund Previously acknowledged $13,795.92 Rockaway Beach Hospital, Rockaway Beach. N. Y 100.00 Alumnae Association, Maine General Hospital, Portland, Maine 5.00 Louise M. Powell, University Hospital, Minneapolis, Minn 25.00 California State Nurses' Association 6. 00 Emma E. Koch, Chicago, 111 5. 00 Alumnae Association, Orange Training School, Orange, N. J 50.00 Oklahoma State Association 10.00 Marietta P. Barnaby, Heywood Memorial Hospital, Gardner, Mass.. 2.00 Presbyterian Hospital Alumnae Association, Philadelphia, Pa 25. 00 Alumnae Association, Somerville Hospital, Somerville, Mass 5.00 Massachusetts State Nurses' Association 20.00 Alumnae Association, St. Luke's Hospital, St. Paul, Minn 25.00 Alumnae Association, Salem Hospital, Salem, Mass 10.00 Alumnae Association, St. Luke's Hospital, Richmond, Va 10.00 Alumnae Association, German Hospital, Philadelphia 5.00 Hartford Training School for Nurses, Hartford, Conn 25. 00 St. Clair County Nurses' Association, Port Huron, Mich 5.00 Vassar Brothers' Hospital Alumnae Association, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 5.00 Illinois State Nurses' Association 10. 00 St. Vincent's Hospital Nurses' Alumnae, New York City 25. 00 Pennsylvania Hospital Nurses' Alumnae, Philadelphia 20. 00 Bishop Clarkson Memorial Hospital Alumnae Association, Omaha, Neb. 5 .CO Nurses' Alumnae Association, German Hospital, N. Y 10.00 Nurses' Alumnae Association, Newark City Hospital, Newark, N. J. 10.00 Nurses' Alumnae Association, Lynn Hospital, Lynn, Mass 5.00 Total $14,218.92 Nursing News and Announcements 993 All contributions should be sent to Mary M. Biddle, Newton Hospital, New- ton Lower Falls, Mass., and all drafts, money orders, etc., should be made pay- able to the Merchants' Loan and Trust Company, Chicago. Mary M. Riddle, Treasurer. Navy Nurse Corps Appointments.— Mary Frances Lowry, Virginia Hospital, Richmond, Va.; Amelia Mumm, Hahnemann Hospital, Chicago, 111., three years Colon Hospital, C. Z.; Emmeline Bauer, Emergency Hospital, Warren, Pa., Post-Graduate, Jones Hospital, Jamestown, N. Y. ; Evelyn Sims, Methodist Episcopal Hospital, Brooklyn, N. Y., Night Supervisor, Maryland General, Baltimore, Md.; Flor- ence Vevia, Mercy Hospital, Muskegon, Michigan, Night Supervisor Jefferson Hospital, Richmond, Va. ; Christine Dixon, Columbus State Hospital and Prot- estant ; Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; Jennie Natalie Johnson, East Side Hospital, Providence, R. I., Post-graduate, Bellevue and Allied Hospitals, N. Y.; Mary Belle Struble, Woman's Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa., Special Nurse, Maternity Department, Hahnemann Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa., Superintendent of Nurses, George Washington University Hospital, Washington, D. C, Superintendent, St. Luke's Hospital, Utica, N. Y., Superintendent, Hebrew Hospital, Baltimore, Md. ; Katherine A. Dunn, Bellevue and Allied Hospitals, New York. Transfers. Pearl Smith, to Newport, R. I.; Helen A. Russell, to Chelsea, Mass.; Lillian M. Urch, to Newport, R. I.; Susie I. Fitzgerald, to Newport, R. I; Evelyn Sims, to New York, N. Y. ; Bertha I. Printz, to New York; Beatrice G. Terrill, to Chelsea, Mass.; Christine Dixon, to New York; J. Natalie Johnson, to New York; Katherine Dunn, to New York; Antoinette Montferrand, to Mare Island, Cal.; Eva B. Moss, to New York, N. Y.; Margaret Pierce, to her home, Port Henry, N. Y.; Elisabeth Leonhardt, Chief Nurse, from Naval Hospital, Guam to Washington, D. C. Assignments. Clare L. DeCeu, Acting Chief Nurse, Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Mass., Ethel R. Swan, Acting Chief Nurse, Naval Hospital, Canacao, P. I. Honorable Discharge. Lucy A. Keenan. Resignations. Marguerite Begley, Mary Calhoun, Eleanor C. Smith, Alice M. Annette. Lenah L. Higbee, Superintendent, Nurse Corps, U. S. N. DEPARTMENT OF NURSING AND HEALTH The term of 1913-14 is over. Miss Nutting and Miss Goodrich have sailed for Europe, and the students have scattered, most of them to their homes, in the meantime. Some come back for summer school, others enter hospitals and visit- ing nurse associations for practical experience, while others go at once to new positions. From ten to twelve of the present class expect to return for a second year's work next fall, and two or three others will be back to complete the work for certificate or degree. Quite a number of applications are already in for next fall and also for the summer session which begins July 6. The resources of the loan and scholarship funds and the few available oppor- tunities for part-time work are all too inadequate to meet the many requests that come from nurses all over the country for some kind of assistance to enable 994 The American Journal of Nursing them to meet the expenses of the training. With the profession clamoring so loudly for better-prepared women, and many of the most attractive positions which come to the department going unfilled for lack of enough qualified appli- cants, the problem of helping these ambitious and promising students becomes a highly important one. It is gratifying to record two new scholarships this year, one from the Training School of the Jewish Hospital, Cincinnati, and one from the Alumnae of the Philadelphia (Blockley) Hospital, Philadelphia. Some of the recent appointments from the classes of 1913-13 and 1913-14 are as follows : Mrs. Harriett H. Barnes to the Boston Dispensary, Boston, as Super- intendent of Nurses; Helen Bridge becomes Assistant Superintendent and In- structor at Washington University Hospital, St. Louis, Mo. ; Mrs. Betsey Harris, Superintendent of Nurses, Children's Free Hospital, Detroit, Mich.; Helen Wood, Superintendent of Nurses, Children's Hospital, Boston; Grace Mclatyre, Superintendent of Nurses, Boston Lying-in Hospital, Boston; Amy Allison, Superintendent of Nurses, Deaconess Hospital, Omaha, Neb. ; Marion Parsons, Instructor, City Hospital, New York City; Amy Trench, Instructor, St. Luke's Hospital, New York City; Bertha Myers, Assistant Superintendent, Atlantic City Hospital. VEEMONT Rutland. — The Rutland Hospital held graduating exercises for a class of nine on the evening of June 19, in the hospital parlors. Mr. Field, president of the board of trustees, presided and addressed the graduates. An address was also given by Katharine DeWitt, assistant editor of the American Journal of Nursing and Secretary of the American Nurses Association. The diplomas were presented by the Mayor of Rutland. An unusual feature of the exercises was the presentation of a beautiful bunch of roses to Miss Aitken, the superintendent, on behalf of the class, by one of the graduates, with heartfelt words of appre- ciation and affection for all she had been to them. A reception followed the ex- ercises, and the public was urged to see the latest improvements in the hospital, in which it takes a warm interest. Springfield. — Springfield Hospital is having a change of superintendents; Isaline Davis, who started the work, having retired with the gratitude and good wishes of all interested in the hospital. Her successor is Mary A. Chayer, a gradu- ate of the Massachusetts General Hospital, and recently assistant superintendent at the City Hospital, Saginaw, Michigan. MASSACHUSETTS The Massachusetts State Nurses' Association held its eleventh annual meeting at Hotel Lenox, Boston, on June 9. At 2 p.m. the Massachusetts State League of Nursing Education held its first annual meeting, EmmaM. Nichols, pres- ident, in the chair. Mary M. Riddle gave a brief resume' of work done by the Amer- ican Nurses' Association since its organization. A report was read from Charlotte M. Perry on work done previous to the organization of the Massachusetts League. Sara E. Parsons gave a report on Uniform Curriculum. The state meeting was called to order at 3 p.m., Miss Riddle in the chair. The Rev. Mr. Gordon of Newton opened the meeting with scripture and prayer. After disposing of the regular business, the subject of The Private Duty Nurse was discussed and the following resolutions adopted. Nursing News and Announcements 995 Resolved, that the Massachusetts State Nurses' Association put itself on record concerning the question of remuneration for trained nursing and hours of duty, as follows: "The State Association recognizes that the rate of remuneration is a matter that properly belongs to the employer and employee to settle between themselves : the Association would however record itself as believing that merit, demand and circumstances should determine the rate of charges, but that each private nurse should give to the directory in which she registers a minimum and maximum rate within which she will work. Exceptions to that scale should always be arranged for specifically in advance with the employer, so as to avoid misunderstanding and dissatisfaction. "The Association would also record itself as favoring a rate sufficient to cover personal expenses, believing that the indeterminate charges for laundry and ordinary car fares lead to undignified discussion of matters that should be the private concern of every nurse. The Association believes that the hours of duty must be left to the discretion of the doctor and nurse. "Be it further resolved that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to the recognized directories for nurses, to the Massachusetts Medical Association, and to any person or society that wishes to know how the Association stands on this question." Adelaide E. Tubneb, Miss McAppee, Saba E. Pabsons, Chairman. The officers elected for the ensuing year were as follows : president, Mary M. Riddle; vice-presidents, Sara E. Parsons, Emma M. Nichols; recording secretary, Mrs. Roger W. Homer; treasurer, Esther Dart; corresponding secretary, Char- lotte W. Dana; historian, Lucy L. Drown. Tea was served in the Rose-Room and a social hour enjoyed. In the evening the enrolled Red Cross nurses held their first annual dinner at the same hotel. Dr. Laura A. C. Hughes presided and acted as toast-mistress. One hundred and fifty guests were present, among them Governor Walsh; Dr. Holt,. Assistant Superintendent of the Boston City Hospital, who also represented Mayor Curley; Mr. Masterson of the Long Island Hospital and Dr. Thomas F. Harrington of the Public Health Work. Mary M. Riddle responded to the toast The Ideal Nurse; Jennie R. Dix to Spanish War Nurses; Emma M. Nichols to National Committee of Red Cross Nursing Service. Sara E. Parsons and others spoke. Boston. — Mrs. E. J. A. Higgins, who for over forty-one years has served faith- fully and devotedly as superintendent of the Boston Lying-in Hospital since it reopened, January 1, 1873, was, on March 1, 1914, made superintendent emeritus. She is to live at the hospital in her own apartments and has been handsomely provided for by the trustees so long as she lives. Charlotte W. Dana succeeded to the position of superintendent. Grace L. Mclntyre, who in June completed a two years' course at Teachers College, Columbia University, has accepted the position of superintendent of nurses of the Boston Lying-in Hospital. She took up her new duties July 1. The Boston City Hospital graduated a class of forty-three members on May 29. The exercises were held in the surgical amphitheatre. Several hun- dred guests attended the reception held in the Vose House, the largest of the five homes occupied by the nurses. The semi-centennial observance of the open- ing of the hospital was held June 20, in the surgical amphitheatre, followed by a luncheon. Word has been received of some of the Alumnae of the hospital to the 996 The American Journal of Nursing following effect : Mary M. Riddle, class of 1888, Superintendent of Newton Hos- pital; Jessie E. Catton, class of 1900, superintendent of the Springfield Hospital, and Emma J. Jones, assistant superintendent, Rochester General Hospital, sailed for Europe, June 16. Anna L. Gibson, class of 1907, assistant matron superintendent of the Huntington Hospital, Boston, will spend the summer touring northern and southern Europe. The Nukses' Alumnae Association of the Boston City Hospital held its annual meeting at the Convalescent Home, on June 2. The president, Miss Riddle, called the business meeting to order. The roll call was answered by classes, some responding for 1883, and ending with the large graduating class of 1914. It was voted to change the constitution so that any member wishing to pay $25.00 for life membership might do so. Those preferring to continue their membership with an annual assessment of $2.00 have that option. It was voted to put forth vigorous efforts to start a loan fund. A fair may be arranged for later in the season. The question of incorporation was broached, and left to the consideration of the members till the next annual meeting. The association had the great pleasure of entertaining Miss Drown who was able to make the trip from her New Hampshire home where she has been living since her retirement from the superintendency of nurses of the hospital. Dr. Rowe was also present. Brocton. — Brocton Hospital held graduating exercises on June 31 for a class of six. The verandah of the nurses' home was used as a platform and the lawn below was the auditorium, making the graduation an unusually attractive outdoor event, with an informal reception afterward. The procession of alumnae, graduates and officers across the lawn from the hospital was a new feature. The address was given by Dr. Frederick A. Washburn of the Massachusetts General Hospital. The class pins were presented by Mrs. Lovell. In the evening the class was given a supper by Dr. Packard and Miss Smart. RHODE ISLAND An Amendment to the Rhode Island State Law for Registration op Trained Nurses was introduced at the last session of the legislature. The amendment, if passed, would have taken away the power of approval from the State Board of Examiners of Trained Nurses, and would have fixed the standard at twenty-five beds. The amendment did not pass. Providence. — The Rhode Island Hospital Nurses' Alumnae Association held its regular monthly meeting at the George Ide Chace Home on May 26. After the business meeting the members were entertained by Mrs. Harry Hale Goss, who gave a very interesting talk on The Garden of Allah. The Association held its annual meeting and election of officers at the same place. In the absence of the president, Miss Dearness presided. Mrs. Westcott was reelected presi- dent; Miss Dearness, vice-president; Mrs. Hazel W. Ruggles, corresponding secretary; Mrs. Mary Ross Fraser, recording secretary and Edith M. Burke, treasurer. The treasurer reported a gift from the alumnae of fifty dollars to the Mission at Fatehpuhr, India, where one of the graduates is stationed. There was a large attendance. Tea was served on the upper verandah, by Miss Miller, dietitian at the hospital. The Rhode Island League op Nursing Education and the Red Cross Nurses of Rhode Island held a joint meeting at Butler Hospital, on June 23. Miss Cleland presided. Miss Selley gave a most entertaining report of the convention at St. Louis. Nursing News and Announcements 997 The Providence Branch or the Gtjild of St. Barnabas held its annual meeting at St. Stephen's Church on St. Barnabas Day, June 11, with corporate communion at 7 a.m. Office and address were at 3.30 p.m., followed by a business meeting in the Guild House. The delegates appointed for the Council at Portland, Maine, October 13 and 14 were Bertrice Giles, active member, with Martha Bell as alternate, and Georgia Fiske, associate delegate, with Mary Harrison as alternate. Newport. — Mart McCloud, president of Spanish-American War Nurses, is at present chief nurse of the Newport Naval Hospital. CONNECTICUT Hartford. — The Hartford Hospital Training School for Ntjhses held commencement exercises, June 5, when a class of twenty-four members was graduated. Dr. G. C. F. Williams addressed the class and the diplomas and prizes were presented by Dr. P. H. Ingalls and Dr. O. C. Smith. Those who received prizes were as follows: senior year, first prize, $50, Bertha Henrietta Uzelmeier; second prize, $25, Alice Fanning; intermediate year, first prize, $50, Alice Kair; second prize, $25, Eva Crowdis; junior year, first prize, $50, Mary Malloy second ; prize, $25, Catherine Howard. New Haven. — The Alumnae Association o the Connecticut Training School held its annual meeting on June 4, at The Shoreham, Morris Cove. The reading of the yearly reports and the election of officers were the most important parts of the business, with the additional report of the delegate to the American Nurses Association, Miss M. K. Stack, which proved a very entertaining and instructive paper. The officers remain the same, except the secretary, Mrs. Wilcox, class 1881, who refused her name for another year and who has given valuable service in the past; a rising vote of thanks was accorded her, and Maude Churchill was elected her successor. Great credit is due the president, Anna Barron, for her wisdom in presiding, and in guiding the affairs of the associa- tion; also to the treasurer, Mrs. M. J. C. Smith, for her able management of the finances, and much satisfaction has been shown that both have been retained for another year. At the conclusion of the business, adjournment was made to the first Thursday in September. Then followed a shore dinner which was greatly enjoyed by about twenty persons. NEW YORK New York. — The Presbyterian Hospital celebrated, this year, the twen- tieth anniversary of its School of Nursing. The commencement exercises took place on the evening of May 19 and although this occasion always brings together a number of old graduates, the twentieth anniversary had an exceptionally large reunion. One of the traditional features of the commencement has been a pro- cessional of the nurses in uniform, grouped according to the year of their gradua- tion. At 8.30, the orchestra rendered a march and the procession, numbering over two hundred, entered the assembly hall. First came superintendents of other hospitals and training schools, the head nurses of the Presbyterian Hospital, and many graduates representing each of the twenty classes, followed by the pupils of the school. The groups of nurses belonging to the different years and classes were distinguished by the color of the flowers worn, the whole making an attractive picture. Last of all came the graduating class, with the superinten- 998 The American Journal of Nursing dent and officers of the school. The exercises were opened with prayer by the Chaplin. Dr. Theodore C. Janeway gave an able address to the class. Mr. Sturges, president of the Hospital, and chairman of the School of Nursing Com- mittee, read, as is his custom, "The Order of Neighbors," symbolic of the school pin. He presented the diplomas, and Mr. Delano, vice-president, the pins. Miss Maxwell, superintendent of nurses, fastened the much-prized pin on each new graduate, an honor and custom of long standing. A reception and dance followed. Hahnemann Hospital held graduating exercises on May 26, in the ball room of the Seventh Regiment Armory. A class of ten graduated. Dr. C. I. Fisher, superintendent of the Presbyterian Hospital, delivered the address. Mr. W. J. Merrill, vice-president, the presiding officer, presented the diplomas. Dr. W. H. VandenBerg, president of the Medical Board, presented the school pins, which were fastened upon the members of the class by Alice I. Twitchell, super- intendent of the Training School. Dr. VandenBerg also presented to one of the class, who was considered the most worthy and deserving, a suit case fitted out with toilet articles, as well as everything most necessary for a nurse's work among private patients. This was given by Mrs. J. G. Cannon, wife of the president of the Board of Trustees. Three of the class received honorable mention for ob- taining an average in their theoretical work of over 95 per cent. A member of the intermediate class was presented with a ten-dollar gold piece, by one of the surgeons, for the best charts, the printing, character and amount of information being considered. The Polyclinic Hospital Training School has a new superintendent, Leta Card, a graduate of the New York Post-Graduate Hospital training school. Miss Card has been for some time superintendent of the Glens Falls Hospital and succeeds Grace Allison, who resigned from her position in June to take fur- ther work at Teachers College. Mr. John Gunn, who has been superintendent of the Polyclinic Hospital for the past twenty years, has resigned and is suc- ceeded by Dr. James G. Norris of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. The New York County Registered Nurses' Association held its annual meeting on June 2, when the following officers were elected : president, Elizabeth E. Golding; vice-president, Irene Taylor; recording secretary, Jean Hayman; corresponding secretary, Beatrice M. Bamber; treasurer, Emma Duensing; trustee for three years, Sophie V. Kiel; executive committee, Jennie Greenthal, Isabel M. Stewart, Josephine Hughes; chairman of committees, Credential, Annie McEdwards; By-laws, Irene Yocum; Press and Publication, Anna C. Maxwell; Finance, Jennie M. Greenthal; Lectures and Papers, Mrs. C. V. Twiss; Legisla- tive, Anne W. Goodrich; Public Health, Mrs. Humphreys. It was decided to hold meetings five times during the year, October, December, February, April and June. This gives opportunity for more frequent discussions. The hourly nursing service of the Central Directory has proved so much of a success that a second nurse will soon be employed for the work. A fund of about $1300 is already available for the salary of the second nurse. Miss Dolliver, registrar of the Di- rectory, has resigned her position, after establishing the directory on a firm basis, the work of several years. The Metropolitan Hospital Training School for Nurses held graduation exercises on May 21. Brooklyn. — The Methodist Episcopal Hospital Alumnae Association gave a dinner and dance to the graduating class of 1914 on May 30. Florence Nursing News and Announcements 999 Comes has accepted a position as nurse in charge of a ward at the Harper Hospital, Detroit. The Long Island College Hospital Alumnae Association entertained the graduating class of 1914 at a dance at the club house on May 20. At the April meeting of the Association, the Alumnae were addressed by Mrs. Rogers, former superintendent of the Brooklyn Hospital Training School, on the Nurse Practice Act. The Brooklyn Hospital Training School Alumnae Association held its regular monthly meeting on June 2. An unusually large number was present. Five new graduates were elected to membership. The report of the proceed- ings of the convention of the American Nurses' Association was submitted by the delegates, Miss Hardy and Miss Brooker, and was enjoyed by all. A lawn fSte was held on the hospital grounds on May 28, an ideal day insuring a large attend- ance. The proceeds, nearly $100, will be applied upon the debt on the club house. No meetings will be held during the summer months, the next one to be held on the first Tuesday in October. Poughkeepsie. — The Hudson Valley League for Nursing Education was very delightfully entertained by Miss Deyo and Miss McCrimmon at the Vassar Brothers Hospital, on June 6. After a short business session, the members en- joyed an automobile trip to various points of interest about the city. The next meeting will be held with Miss Littlefield at the Homeopathic Hospital, Albany, on Saturday, Sept. 26 at 2.30 p. m. The election of officers will take place at this time. Troy. — The Troy Hospital Alumnae Association held a banquet at the Hotel Rensselaer on June 15, when the members of the graduating class were the guests of honor. Frances Galvin, president of the Association, gave an address of welcome, to which Maude Bailey, president of the class, responded. Lillian Fell read the class prophecy. Miss Cunningham gave a talk on Public Health Nursing. After the banquet, Dr. D. W. Huston addressed the graduates. Danc- ing was enjoyed later. Graduates of the hospital are holding the following posi- tions : Margaret Waddell, district nurse for St. John's Church ; Catherine Corco- ran, tuberculosis nurse; Anna Cunningham, member of the district nursing asso- ciation; Josephine Head, school nurse; Mary Hart, resident nurse at the County Hospital; Julia Littlefield, superintendent, Homeopathic Hospital, Albany. Albany. — The Nurses' Home op the Albany Hospital was opened on May 23. It is one of the finest in the country, beautifully situated and equipped with all comforts. Auburn. — The Auburn City Hospital held commencement exercises for a class of eight members on May 15, at the Second Presbyterian Church. A recep- tion followed at the nurses' home. On the afternoon of May 12, the Graduate Nurses' Association enjoyed a talk given by Mrs. Charles Stevenson of Brooklyn on Red Cross Nursing. Ithaca. — Laura A. Slee, who has been for two years superintendent of nurses at the National Homeopathic Hospital, Washington, D. C, has been made superintendent of the City Hospital. Rochester. — The Monroe County Registered Nurses' Association gave a strawberry festival and dance on the evening of June 16. It was well attended and the sum of $60 was cleared for the benefit of the central directory. The Homeopathic Hospital held graduating exercises for a class of fourteen on the evening of May 20. The address was given by Dr. Applegarth, the diplomas 1000 The American Journal of Nursing were presented by Mrs. Harper Sibley. The alumnae association held its annual banquet at Hotel Seneca, on May 21, with the members of the graduating class as guests. Doris Van Zandt was toast mistress. The Park Avenue Hospital Training School for Nurses held graduating exercises on June 5, followed by a reception and dance. The Lee Private Hospital graduated a class of six members on June 8. The address was given by Rev. A. W. Beaven and diplomas were presented by Mrs. L. L. Williams, president of the Training School Board. Buffalo. — The Buffalo Homeopathic Hospital held graduating exercises for a class of ten on May 21. The pins were presented by Dr. Cook; the diplomas, by Mr. Robertson, president of the Board of Governors. Rev. Robert J. Mac- Alpine gave the address. The exercises were followed by a reception, supper, and dancing. Miss Harris, second assistant superintendent, has resigned to be mar- ried. She is succeeded by Miss Pelton, who has been a head nurse. Canandaigua. — The Alumnae Association and the graduating class of the Frederick Thompson Memorial Hospital were pleasantly entertained by the super- intendent of the hospital at a banquet on June 9. After the banquet a business meeting of the Alumnae Association was held, new members were accepted and officers for the following year were elected as follows: president, Mary McCarthy; vice-president, Mary Savage; secretary, Camilla Sale ; treasurer, Dorothy Dayton; corresponding secretary, Mrs. Hazel Hall; chairman of executive committee, Almah Wheaton. Letters were read from all members of the Association who were unable to be present. NEW JERSEY The Board of Directors of the New Jersey State Nurses' Associa- tion held its regular quarterly meeting in the Free Public Library, Newark, on June 2. Arabella R. Creech presided. Reports were submitted by Mrs. M. E. O'Neill, Marietta B. Squire, Mary J. Stone, Helen Stephen, and Mrs. d'Arcy Stephen. In the Red Cross report it was stated that of twenty-five nurses re- ported for active service, seventeen were ready to start at short notice. Notice was given of the first examination to be held in Trenton, June 16, 17, and 18, by the State Board of Nurse Examiners, for those nurses who had been unable to take advantage of the waiver. The New Jersey State Board of Examiners held its annual meeting on June 15. The same officers were reelected. New Jersey State Board Examination, June 16-18, 1914: Anatomy and Physiology. 1. Name in order the division of the alimentary canal. 2. Into how many classes are bones divided? Give an example of each. 3. Name the organs con- tained in the thorax, abdomen, skull, pelvis. 4. Give a brief description of the heart. What vessels carry the blood to the heart? What vessels carry it from the heart? 5. Name the two classes into which muscles are divided. 6. What is understood by origin and insertion of muscles? Name the principal muscles of the back. 7. Name two openings in the stomach. 8. How is the waste of the body eliminated? 9. Define normal pulse. Name principal points to be observed in deviations from it. 10. Give average rate of pulse during infancy, youth, adult. Surgical Nursing. 1. How would you sterilize scissors, dressing forceps, scalpels and needles? 2. What are the means used to control hemorrhage? 3. After operation, how long Nursing News and Announcements 1001 would you let a patient go without voiding urine before reporting it. 4. State in detail the care of a perineorrhaphy. 5. What are the symptoms of shock and how do they differ from those of hemorrhage? (b) How would you treat shock until physician arrives? 6. How would you prepare a room in a private house for an operation? 7. Outline briefly the care of a patient after an abdominal section. 8. Describe the Fowler's position and for what is its use. 9. Describe briefly the preparation for dressing a wound. 10. How would you sterilize silk wormgut and silk sutures? Hygiene. 1. What are some of the sources of contamination of drinking water? 2. To what is much of the clogging of pipes of kitchen sinks due? How can it be pre- vented? 3. What is ventilation? 4. What is necessary to insure perfect ventila- tion? 5. What is the legal requirement in New Jersey concerning the public drinking cup? 6. Give the reasons for the crusade against the house fly. 7. Why are cleanliness, rest and recreation essential to health? 8. How should milk be cared for and how should milk utensils be cleaned? 9. Why are flies, insects, rats, etc., a menace to health? Dietetics. 1. Why are drinks made from fruit juices especially valuable for fever pa- tients? 2. Describe the process of making beef tea. 3. Name four uses of water in the body, and the value of milk as a food. 4. Name three diseases requiring special diet. Give proper menu for one meal in each disease. 5. Which is most easily digested, raw, soft, medium or hard boiled eggs? 6. Describe the care of milk. 7. What disease is often caused by impure milk? Bacteriology. 1. What effect has prolonged sunlight on tubercle bacilli? 2. Name two conditions that favor the growth of all species of bacteria? 3. How do bacteria gain entrance to the body? 4. What is an infectious disease? 5. Name three methods by which germs may be destroyed. 6. Describe how flies may become carriers of disease. 7. Describe in detail the preparation of your hands before assisting at an abdominal operation. 8. Name two ways in which communicable diseases may be transmitted. 9. Why is a working knowledge of the principles of bacteriology necessary in the education of the trained nurse? 10. Define the following terms: incubation, asepsis, sterilization. Medical Nursing. 1. (a) What special points must be remembered in nursing a patient taking open air treatment? (6) In cold weather how would you protect yourself and patient? 2. What are stupes used for and how would you administer them? (Give process in detail.) 3. What would you do to relieve a patient suffering from insomnia? 4. What measures can you take to encourage a patient to void urine before resorting to catheterization? 5. (a) What are the symptoms of hem- orrhage? (6) In case of pulmonary hemorrhage what would you do before the arrival of the physician? 6. What would you do to prevent bed sores? 7. In charting perspiration as a symptom, what points should be noted? 8. How would you care for a paralytic case? 9. What precautions would you take in nursing a case of pulmonary tuberculosis, and what instructions would you give the family and the patient? 10. What is the general care of a pneumonia case? Materia Medica. 1. Mention the channels through which medicine is introduced into the circulation. 2. Write the tables of the Apothecaries' weight and measure. 1002 The American Journal of Nursing 3. How much salt should be added to one quart of water to make a normal salt solution? How would you prepare it in a private house? 4. Name two prepa- rations of nux vomica. Give the dose of each. 5. What precautions would you use in giving tr. ferri chloride, or other solutions containing iron? 6. What are the symptoms of an overdosage of arsenic? Morphine? Give treatment for same. 7. What are the symptoms of strychnine poisoning? What are the symptoms of opium poisoning? Give the antidotes for strychnine and opium poisoning. 8. If told to give gr. 1/150 of strychnine by hypodermic injection and only tablets gr. 1/30 were available, how would you prepare the dose? 9. Complete the follow- ing table: ? cc = 3- 1. ? cc = 0. 1. ? minims = cc. ? gr. = gm. ? oz, (Troy) = lb. What strength solution of creolin is usually prescribed for a vaginal douche? Obstetric Nursing. 1. State what care you would give an obstetrical patient the first 48 hours after delivery. 2. What are the complications to be watched for during the puerperal period? 3. What is the function of the amniotic fluid, and why should membranes be preserved intact during the first stage of labor? 4. What important points should the nurse note and report regarding the lochia? 5. What care would you give the breasts to prevent infection? (b) If a mother was not to nurse the baby? (c) A baby's breasts if swollen? 6. Name the articles to have at hand for patient, doctor, and nurse during the progress of labor. 7. What is the placenta? (b) Why should it be carefully inspected after expulsion? 8. In case of post partum hemorrhage, what should a nurse do until the arrival of the physician? 9. What is the pelvis and of what bones does it consist? 10. What are the three stages of labor? Diseases of Children. 1. What points would you emphasize in teaching a mother the preparation of artificial food for a sick infant? 2. What should be done for a child in con- vulsions before the arrival of the physician? 3. State the capacity of a normal infant's stomach. 4. Define certified, pasteurized, sterilized milk. 5. Mention some of the causes of diarrhoea in children and state briefly the care you would give such patients. 6. How would you give an enema to a very young child? (6) An aural douche? 7. When is a child, who has had scarlet fever, released from quarantine? 8. Describe the nurses' duties as to room, patient and her- self in the care of a child ill with diphtheria. 9. Why is it beneficial for children suffering with adenoid growths to have them removed? 10. Give four causes of infant mortality. Contagious Diseases. 1. When would you isolate a case of erysipelas and for what reason? 2. Name five contagious diseases. 3. (a) What are the common complications of scarlet fever? (b) State nursing care you would give the same. 5. Define incubation, invasion, immunity, desquamation, quarantine. 6. In the care of a contagious disease, what are the duties of the nurse regarding herself and the sick room? 7. How would you care for a case of typhoid fever to prevent the spread of the disease? 8. How would you prepare a room for fumigation? 9. Give symptoms of measles, chicken-pox. Elizabeth.— Eugenia D. Ayers, superintendent of the Elizabeth General Hospital and Dispensary has been fortunate in securing the services of Emma L. Stowe, as superintendent of nurses of the training school, connected with the hospital. Miss Stowe is a graduate of the Boston City Hospital, she was superin- Nursing News and Announcements 1003 tendent of the Rhode Island Hospital Training School for several years, and of the training school connected with the Maine General Hospital, also for nearly twelve years superintendent of nurses of the Connecticut Training School for Nurses. Miss Stowe has recently returned from a year of travel in the west, where she met many old time friends. The Nurses' Home connected with the Elizabeth General Hospital is to be enlarged and many improvements made, recreation and class rooms provided, as well as rooms for an increased number of pupils. The hospital, under Miss Ayers's management is rapidly outgrowing its present capacity, a new building will soon be a necessity. Newark. — The Alumnae Association of the St. Barnabas TraiIning School for Nurses held its annual meeting on May 8. A large number were present and the officers for the coming year were elected. The announcement was made that the Association was elected to membership in the American Nurses' Association. On April 29, the Association gave a dance in honor of the graduating class, which proved a great success. Montclair. — Mountainside Hospital held graduating exercises for a class of five in Unity Church on the evening of May 19. Their course has included three months' service in the Lying-in Hospital, New York. Mrs. Franklin H. Hooper, president of the Board of Governors, presided. The address was given by Henry E. Jenkins. Dr. L. W. Halsey presented the diplomas. A reception and dance followed in the Evans Home. The Mountainside Hospital Alumnae Association gave a dinner in honor of the graduating class on the evening of May 28, at the Hotel Montclair. The president, Miss Miller, gave a short address to the graduates. Orange.— The Alumnae Association of the Orange Training School for Nurses held its regular meeting at the residence of Bertha Day on May 23. The committee on revision of the constitution was continued, to report at a special meeting. Martha W. Moore gave a report of the convention of the American Nurses' Association. Miss McGrath reported on the open-air plays to be given for the benefit of the Nurses' Club. A reception followed to the graduating class, nine of whom were present. The guest of honor was Anna Clements, a graduate of the first class. The Guild of St. Barnabas for Nurses (Orange Branch) held its annual meeting in the Church of St. Andrew, South Orange, on June 11. The Holy Communion was celebrated by the Rector, Rev. F. Creswell Todd, who preached a very helpful sermon. The business meeting followed, and a very interesting annual report was read by the Assistant Secretary Mary M. Clark. The treasurer showed a balance of 198.00. The entire offertory was devoted to the maintenance of the missionary nurse in Alaska, Agnes Bolster. The Chaplain, Rev. C. T. Walkley urged that effort be made to interest the pupil nurses while still in the hospital, and persuade them to join, the Branch paying the initiation Fee for all those who came in as pupils. All officers were reelected: Chaplain, Rev. C. T. Walkley; Secretary, Mrs. Wm. Read Howe; Assistant Secretary, Mary M. Clark; Treasurer, Mrs. d'A. Stephen; active delegate to the annual council, to be held in Portland, Maine, Mrs. Mary Compton; alternate, Cora Swan; associate delegate, Mrs. C. T. Walk- ley; alternate, Emma Condit. After a luncheon, a meeting of the Sick Relief Fund Association was held, ten members being present. Only five benefits had been called for during the year. $500 had been transferred to stock, the fund being in a most flourishing condition. In the fall a provident fund for "disabled or 1004 The American Journal of Nursing infirm nurses" will be started, and it was voted to lay aside the offertory at all the church meetings for this purpose. Plans will be thought up during the summer for raising the money. Paterson. The Alumnae Association op the Patebson General Hospital held its annual meeting on June 2 at the nurses' home, seventeen members being present. The annual reports were read and approved. The banquet to the graduating class was given on May 19 in the Quackenbush Memorial Home, forty-seven graduates and guests being present. Dancing followed. The As- sociation has now almost one hundred members, and the value of the organi- zation and the interest it has for the graduates was shown by the presence of some members from all classes from 1884 to the present time. Summit. The Alumnae Association op Overlook Hospital held a regular meeting on May 15 at the nurses' home. Miss Dalrymple resigned as treasurer, and Miss Detweiler was chosen to serve in her stead. The social hour which followed was a welcome to Mrs. Fred Ahlgrin, who has been recently married. PENNSYLVANIA Philadelphia. The Private Duty Nurses' Association was organized April 2, at the Philadelphia Club for Graduate Nurses. The object of the Association is to advance professional interests, to promote fellowship among its members and to aid in adjusting educational and financial affairs. The following officers were elected: president, Martha C. Lafferty; vice-presidents, Elizabeth Morgan and Carrie W. Price; recording secretary, Miss E. J. Beattie; corresponding sec- retary and treasurer, Mrs. Eda Kerr Ohland. It is hoped that the new organ- ization will fill a long felt want of the private duty nurses. The dues are a dollar a year. A circulating library has been started and is expected that the society will branch out into other ways of helpfulness. A Local Organization for Public Health Nursing was formed at a meeting of public health nurses in March, following a preliminary discussion of the matter in February. At the April meeting, Dr. Charles J. Hatfield delivered an inspiring address on The Development of Public Health Nursing. The May meeting was devoted to reports from the National Organization. All the meetings have been well attended and it is the aim of the organization to focus its attention on mutual interest, exchange of ideas, and general advancement of public health work. The Nurses' Alumnae Association op Howard Hospital held its annual meeting an May 14, with ten members present. Seven new members were admitted . The following officers were elected : president, Mrs. C. W.Price; vice-president, Christine Turton; treasurer, Blanche Henninger; secretary, Louise Leigh; member of executive committee, Elizabeth Findlay. It was decided to entertain ths graduating class in the fall. The building fund is over $700. Howard Hospital held graduating exercises on May 6 at the Acorn Club, when seven nurses received diplomas. A dance followed. The Alumnae Association op the Hospital op the University of Pennsyl- vania held its annual meeting on June 1, with a large attendance, including many from outside the city. A "whirlwind campaign" among the graduates in the hospital, early in the evening brought in eleven new members. Reports from the various committees were encouraging. There had bjen less sickness among the members the past year, and no deaths. Miss LeVan gave an interesting report of the St. Louis meetings. The members voted to send a night letter of greeting to the retiring treasurer, Miss Giberson, who is taking a much needed rest. The Nursing News and Announcements 1005 following officers were elected: president, Emma K. LeVan; vice-presidents, Sara Slifer, Anna L. Kohl; secretary, Marie Rose; treasurer, Ada T. Booth; di- rectors, Mrs. Lucie Irvin, Laura E. Beitel, Anna L. Schulze, May F. Geiser, Ida M. Southard, Emma H. DuFour. On account of threatening weather the lawn party was given up and the social hour was held within doors. A new hospital has been opened in Abington, near Philadelphia, with Miss Southard as super- intendent and Miss LeVan in charge of the maternity department. Miss Bonnell has accepted a position in the Presbyterian Hospital, Pittsburgh. The Alumnae Association of the Protestant Episcopal Hospital in Phil- adelphia, at its annual meeting on June 3, elected the following officers : presi- dent, Mrs. N. F. W. Crossland; vice-presidents, Grace M. Bricker; Mrs. Ade- laide Wright Pfromm; treasurer, Harriet E. Parker; secretary, Mary E. Goode; executive committee: S. Maude Mutchler, chairman; Agnes Mac- Latchie, Eva Lamon, Josephine Newton, Mrs. Louise K. Free. On May 26 the Alumnae gave a musicale, followed by refreshments and a dance, to the graduating class, in the solarium of the roof garden. Commencement exercises were held in the chapel of the hospital the evening of May 20, when a class of 20 members was graduated. The Bishop of the Diocese, the Rt. Rev. Phillip M. Rhinelander, and Dr. G. Oram Ring, opthalmic surgeon of the hospital, gave addresses. A reception followed, on the Nurses' Home roof garden, which has recently been completed. Mrs. Crossland, superintendent of nurses of the Germantown Hospital, has been granted a "four months' leave of absence." After three years as headnurse in the Germantown Hospital, Lily L. Lane has given up nursing, to remain at home in Calgary, Alberta. The Nurses Alumnae Association of the Orthopedic Hospital for Nerv- ous Diseases held its regular meeting at the nurses' home on June 17, Rose Scott in the chair. It was decided to help support the class in parliamentary law at the nurses' club next winter. It was voted to contribute $10 toward the expenses of the International Congress of Nurses. After the business was transacted, Miss Murray gave a most interesting summary of the meetings at St. Louis. A social hour followed. The Nurses' Alumnae Association of the Germantown Dispensary and Hospital gave a tea on June 16 to the class of 1914. Altoona. The Altoona Alumnae Association held a banquet at the Logan House on June 1, in honor of the graduating class. The commencement exercises were held at Jaffa Temple on May 28. Dr. Hirst of Philadelphia gave an interest- ing talk to the class. A reception followed the exercises. Mercy Hospital held a reception on June 4, during the afternoon and evening, when several hundred persons visited the hospital. Since the beginning of the year a new story has been added, giving three floors and a basement. The new third floor contains nine private rooms, an X-ray room, and laboratory, with the neces- sary supply rooms, office and lavatories. The entire old part of the building has been renovated and improved and the capacity of the hospital is now forty beds. The institution is four years old and has a training school of ten pupils. The first class of three nurses was graduated in April. Laura M. Hamer, University of Pennsylvania, is superintendent; Grace Laird, German Hospital, Philadelphia, is head nurse. York. The York Hospital and Dispensary Training School for Nurses held commencement exercises for the class of 1914 on June 2 in the parlors of the Nurses' Home. The opening prayer was offered bv the Rev. A. R. Taylor, 1006 The American Journal of Nursing of St. John's Episcopal Church, who also preached the baccalaureate sermon for the graduates on Sunday evening, May 28. The address was on The Value of a Hospital to a Community by Dr. E. T. Jeffers. The diplomas were awarded by the Hon. A. B. Farquhar, president of the Board of Managers. Allentown. A meeting of the directresses of training schools for the education of professional nurses of the eastern part of Pennsylvania was held at the Allen- town Hospital, June 4, for the purpose of forming an organization for the better- ment of those engaged in the same line of work. The following officers were elected : president, Alma M. Viehdorfer; vice-president, Laura Allen; secretary, Rose Meyers, Palmerton Hospital, Palmerton; treasurer, Margaret Kelly. There are thirteen charter members representing hospitals in Wilkesbarre, Ashland, Reading, Norristown, Hazleton, Rittersville, Pittston, Coaldale, Lebanon, Allentown, Eas- ton, and Palmerton. Meetings will be held twice a year. Esther Tinsley of the Pittston Hospital has invited the members to meet with her in October, at which time all the hospitals of eastern Pennsylvania will be invited to join. Pittsburgh. The Presbyterian Hospital held graduating exercises of the training school for nurses on May 14 when 11 nurses graduated. The address was given by Rev. Hugh Thompson Kerr, D.D. Mr. J. J.Mathews, president of the Board of Trustees presented the diplomas and pins. After the exercises a recep- tion was held in the new nurses' home, Sherman avenue. MARYLAND The Maryland State Association held a meeting at Eudowood Sanatorium on June 2. The Sanatorium is for cases of tuberculosis, and is delightfully situated in the country on a large farm. Dr. Sloan, resident physician, demonstrated two pneumo-thorax cases, and discussed the treatment fully. Mary E. Lent gave a very full and interesting account of the St. Louis meetings, to which she was a dele- gate. Her report made the nurses wish they could all have been there. The Maryland State League of Nursing Education held the last meeting of the season on May 23, at the Woman's Hospital. The programme was the re- port of the delegate to St. Louis, Mrs. Ethel P. Clarke, and the informal discussion that followed. As always, much interest was shown. Baltimore. The Alumnae Association of Mercy Hospital held its twelfth annual meeting at the Dutch Tea Room on May 23. The usual business meeting was followed by an address by Dr. C. Hampson Jones, Assistant Health Commis- sioner, on Municipal Nursing, and by Dr. A. C. Gillis on Influence of the Mind on Disease. Rev. Peter J. O'Carroll also made an address. A collation followed at which the class of 1914 was entertained. The following officers were elected for the coming year: president, Sadie Roe; vice president, A. X. Hartman ; recording secretary; Mathilda Scheuer; corresponding secretary, Rose Russell; treasurer, Emma Kinhart; members of the board, Virginia Stinchcum, Catherine Numbers, Virginia Maskin. VIRGINIA Alexandria. Alexandria Hospital has just closed a forty day campaign for raising funds for the erection of a new hospital building which is much needed, as this is the only hospital in a city of twenty thousand inhabitants. The campaign committee averaged $1,000 a day, for each day of the campaign. The training school is increasing its number of pupils in order to give each nurse a three months' course at the Episcopal Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, Washington, D. C. Elton Nursing News and Announcements 1007 Virginia Bowling, class of 1912, who has been assistant superintendent since her graduation, has resigned to accept the position of superintendent of the Shenan- doah Hospital, Roanoke. She is succeeded at Alexandria Hospital by Sarah Ran- dolph Talcott, class of 1913, Virginia Hospital, Richmond. Bertha May Stultz, of St. Agnes' Hospital, Baltimore, recently assistant superintendent at Portsmouth, Virginia, is taking up private duty in Alexandria, as is also Margaret C. Lewis, class of 1913, Mercy Hospital, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- vania. WEST VIRGINIA The Graduate Nurses' Association op West Virginia will hold its annual meeting in Wheeling, September 1, 2, and 3. Wheeling. The Ohio County Graduate Nurses' Association held a regu- lar monthly meeting at the Wheeling Hospital on June 11. After the transaction of routine business the members adjourned to one of the verandas where refresh- ments were served by the graduate nurses of the hospital. There was no meeting in July, but one will be held in August to make arrangements for the state meeting. The Alumnae Association op thb Ohio Valley General Hospital had arranged a picnic instead of its regular monthly meeting in June, but inclement weather prevented. Instead ,a picnic supper was enjoyed at the home of Harriet Barry. Twenty-one were present, including a number of guests from other cities. NORTH CAROLINA Durham. The North Carolina State Nurses' Association held its twelfth annual meeting at the Malbourne Hotel on May 27, 28 and 29. An interesting program was presented. On Wednesday morning, the meeting was addressed in welcome by W. J. Brogden, mayor. The response was given by Cleone Hobbs. Rev. S. S. Bost gave an address in behalf of the Elk's Club. Thursday morning included business meetings of various sorts, reports of the secretary, treasurer and membership committees; report of the Dunnewyche home; paper, Vocational Education, Mary L. Wyche; paper, Dont's, by Mary Rose. Thursday afternoon, reports of local associations and the Board of Examiners; paper, Visiting Nursing, by Jennie Hume. Adjournment was followed by a tea at Watt's Hall and an auto- mobile ride to Chapel Hill. On Friday morning reports were submitted by the Ways and Means Committee, Membership Committee, and Printing Committee. Dr. L. B. McBrayer gave an interesting talk on the importance of A Uniform Cur- riculum in the Training Schools of North Carolina. Miss Hobbs presented a paper which had been read at the Convention of the American Nurses' Association at St. Louis by Annie W. Goodrich, entitled A Partial Report of a Standard Curricu- lum for Schools of Nursing. Mrs. W. B. Pratt spoke on Evil Effects of Exposure to Draughts. Hallie Kuykendall gave a talk on Why a Nurse Should Join her State Asssociation. Friday afternoon was devoted to unfinished business and various reports. West Durham. The Watts Hospital Training School for Nurses held commencement exercises on May 21, when eleven nurses received diplomas. Dr. Hill, the superintendent of the hospital, announced that a scholarship of fifty dollars would be awarded next year to the best nurse, to help defray expenses in post-graduate work. An interesting address was delivered by Dr. J. P. Munroe of Charlotte. He made an appeal to the public to be more considerate of the nurse and shorten her hours of work. 1008 The American Journal of Nursing SOUTH CAROLINA Laurens. The Graduate Nurses' Association op South Carolina held its annual meeting on May 21. Thirteen new members were received into the As- sociation, the total attendance being thirty-five. The meeting was held in the Knights of Pythias Hall. The Association was cordially welcomed on behalf of the city by Dr. H.'K. Aiken and on behalf of the physicians by Dr. R. E. Hughes. Several papers on special branches of the work were unusually interesting: The X-ray Laboratory from a Nurses' standpoint, by Maud Mowbray; Anesthesia as a Field for Nurses, by Miss J. Frazier; The Visiting Nurse's Work in Tuberculosis, by Mrs. E. Payne. Miss Babs of Greenville and Miss Nesbit of Spartanburg, who are working under the auspices of the Red Cross Town and Country Nursing Service, gave most interesting accounts of their work. They called especial at- tention to the great need of that branch of service in South Carolina, as there are more than twenty mill towns in the state and only six graduate nurses doing vis- iting work, two of whom are affiliated with an organization. The next meeting will be held in Greenville. Julia Irby, of Laurens, was elected president, Virginia Gibbs of Columbia, secretary; and Frances Bulow of Charleston, treasurer. GEORGIA The Georgia State Association op Graduate Nurses held its eighth annual convention at Atlanta, in the Woman's Club rooms, May 20, 21. About seventy-five nurses were present. After the registration of members, the session was opened with the Invocation by the Rev. M. M. Memminger. The address of welcome was delivered by Frances Patton, president of the Atlanta Registered Nurses' Club; and also by Mrs. Samuel Lumpkin, president of the City Federa- tion of Womans' Clubs. It was very gratefully responded to by Miss Meyers of Savanah. After an intermission of ten minutes, the business session was opened by the roll call and the reading of the reports of the various standing committees. The Credential Committee reported 31 new members accepted during the year. The legislative report of Jessie M. Candlish was a very interesting one, and clearly demonstrated the manner in which the Legislative Committee took care of the Nurses' Bill. The second session was opened by the president's address by Mrs. A. C. Hart- ridge, followed by the report of Mrs. Eva S. Tupman, delegate to the Georgia Federation of Womans Clubs, and by the report of Mary A. Moran, delegate to the American Nurses' Association. This was followed by a most interesting ad- dress by Mr. Bernard Suttler, Manager of the Raoul Foundation Fund, an address on Hospital Social Service work by Margaret Bradley, and an address on The Nurse and the Common Health by Jane Van De Vrede of Savanah. The third session was opened by the reading of a paper on The Hospital vs. the Graduate Special Nurse by Mary A. Moran of Augusta. This was followed by an address on Reciprocity and Our Professional Obligations by Mrs. L. A. Warner, president of the Tennessee State Board of Examiners; and an address on the Red Cross Town and Country Nursing Service by Fannie F. Clement, Chairman of the National Committee of Town and Country Nursing Service. The Convention was one of the most interesting and instructive ever held by the Association. Among the delightful social attentions given the delegates, was a luncheon served by the Atlanta Registered Nurses' Club, also an "At Home" by the Club; Nursing News and Announcements 1009 a luncheon at the Hotel Ninecaff by Mr. Fred Patterson, and an automobile ride around the city, followed by an afternoon tea given by the Grady Hospital Alum- nae at the Georgian Terrace Hotel. The following officers were elected: president, Ada Finley, Atlanta; vice- presidents, Jessie M. Candlish, Atlanta; Jane Van de Vrede, Savannah; recording secretary, Lila S. Beach, Atlanta; corresponding secretary, Mrs. Theodosia War- dell, Atlanta; treasurer, Mamie Mob ley, Atlanta; chairmen of committees; nom- inating, Ethel Boone; eligibility, Frances Jones; publication, Eva Higgenbottom; almshouse, Mrs. E. B. Whatley; arrangements, Mary C. Walsh; legislative, Frances Patton. It was decided to hold the 1915 convention in Savannah. Mary A. Moran was chosen as delegate to the San Francisco convention, with Jane Van De Vrede as alternate. Augusta. The University Hospital Training School held its commence- ment exercises in the amphitheatre on April 20, opened by an invocation by Dr. M. Ashby Jones. The address to the class was given by Rev. Sherwood Whitney, who referred to the feeling of sadness on the occasion, this being the last commence- ment to be held in the old hospital as the new hospital is rapidly nearing comple- tion. Margaret Culbertson read the valedictory. She expressed thanks on behalf of the class to the Medical Faculty for the excellent training received as well as the personal attention rendered. She mentioned particularly, Miss Moran, the super- intendent, to whom, she said, "We are ever indebted for her careful and thorough teaching, her loyalty, and beautiful example as an ideal nurse and superintendent." After the exercises a reception was held in the nurses' parlor where refreshments were served by the undergraduates. The Graduate Nurses' Association op Augusta, held its second annual meeting at the City Hospital, June 9. After the roll and reading of the minutes, the report of the treasurer was read and accepted. In the absence of Miss Hall, her report on the Red Cross Nursing Service at the Confederate Reunion held recently in Jacksonville was read by Miss Moran; Miss Hall had as her assistants in Jack- sonville, Helen Grist of Augusta, Mary E. Simpson of Valdosta and Miss Stinson of Macon. She reported a very interesting and instructive experience in camp nursing, and also many courtesies received from the nurses and doctors of Jack- sonville. The Secretary reported the affiliation of this Association with the Amer- ican Nurses' Association. It was decided to send Mary A. Moran as a delegate to the International Convention of Nurses to be held in San Francisco in 1915. The following officers were elected: president, Mary A. Moran; vice president, Mary L. Connelly; secretary and treasurer, Katherine M. Gallagher; councilors, Julia Smart, Janie E. Hall, Mary Smith, Louise Fenelle, Carrie Ransom. Mary A. Moran was re-elected registrar of the nurses' directory. ALABAMA Birmingham. The Graduate Nurses' Association held its monthly meeting May 13, in the new wing of the Hilhnan Hospital. The nurses were glad to get back to their usual meeting place and the new rooms and furnishings were found very attractive. Miss Allen presented a paper on Eugenics and Dr. Ross Snyder spoke on the topic of Infant Nursing and Infant Welfare. At the close of the ses- sion the Red Cross Local Committee was addressed by Helen McLean, chairman. She brought a most interesting report from the convention of the American Nurses' Association to which she was a delegate. The final meeting for the summer was held 1010 The American Journal of Nursing on June 10, only a few being present. The registrar reported that she had been refusing calls, as all available nurses were on duty. St. Vincent Hospital held graduating exercises on the evening of May 14 for a class of eight. Addresses were made by Dr. Frank Nabors and Dr. Cunning- ham Wilson. The nurses iD training appeared in a tableau. Sister Chrysostom presented the diplomas. A reception on the lawn followed. Hillman Hospital held its commencement in the new wing of the hospital on May 21. Addresses were made by Dr. Hugh McGeever, Dr. E. P. Hogan and Dr. R. M. Cunningham. Six nurses received diplomas. At the close of the exercises a reception was held on the lawn of the nurses' home. Fanny F. Clement was in the city for twenty-four hours on a trip of inspec- tion of rural Red Cross work. She gave a most interesting address, on the invita- tion of Miss Ellison, head nurse of Hillman Hospital. Greenville. Ahtie E. Fishee, graduate of the Indianapolis City Hospital, has resigned her position as superintendent of King's Daughters' Hospital. She is succeeded by Miss Struckmeyer, superintendent and Miss Heintz, assistant, both graduates of the Lutheran Hospital, St. Louis. FLORIDA The Florida State Board of Examiners or Nurses held its first annual meeting on June 1. The same officers serve for the coming year, and Annie L. Rutherford, a member of the Board, will serve as training-school inspector. Miss Rutherford is in charge of the Flagler Hospital, St. Augustine. Anna Davids, who has been for several years in charge of the Florida East Coast Railway Hospital in Miami, has accepted a similar position with the Florida East Coast Railway Hospital in St. Augustine. MISSISSIPPI The Board of Nurse Examiners recently appointed by Governor Brewer has the following members: president, Jennie M. Quinn, Hattiesburg; secretary- treasurer, M. H. Trigg, Greenville; Dr. B. B. Martin, Vicksburg; C. A. Kent, Jackson; Leola Steele, Greenville. The Board was called together by Governor Brewer at the Capitol on June 17 and the oath of office was administered to each member. After the election of officers, every provision of the bill was care- fully studied and an outline made of the work to be done. Although the law fixes the registration age at eighteen years, the entire board is convinced that this is much too young and hopes to discourage persons from qualifying at this age. It is doubtful whether any graduate of this age is practising in the State and it is hoped reciprocity will not be refused by other states on this account. The Mississippi State Association held a called meeting on June 17 in the capitol at Jackson for the purpose of reorganizing as required by law under the charter which has been recently granted. All of the present officers were ratified and approved and the constitution and by-laws now in use accepted. Twenty- nine applicants for membership were accepted. Three were not recommended and seven were held over. After the session Miss Kent entertained the members at dinner. Hattiesburg. Hattiesburg Hospital held its second annual graduating exer- cises at the Auditorium on June 2, Dr. McKinnon presided. Addresses were made by Dr. James E. Hulett, Hon. John R. Tally and Rev. John T. Christian. Jennie Nursing News and Announcements 1011 M. Quinn, the superintendent, gave a short talk preceding the recital of the Nightingale Pledge. Dr. Ross, president of the board of directors presented the diplomas and pins to the three graduates. KENTUCKY The State Boaed of Nurse Examiners met in Frankfort on June 17, to take the oath of office, organize and elect officers. The members of the board are Mary Alexander, Louisville, president; Flora E. Keen, Somerset, secretary; Harriet Cleek, Lexington; Sophia Steinhauer, Dayton; Mrs. Ella Green Davis, Owensboro. The board will meet in Louisville, August 3, to issue registration certificates to those who have applied, and who meet requirements. The Kentucky State Association of Graduate Nurses held its eighth meeting at the Public Library, Louisville, on May 5, 6 and 7. An excellent program was presented to the largest attendance yet recorded. One of the most interesting features was the selection of the names to submit to the governor for the ap- pointment of the first Examining Board. The papers, as well as the reports, were very instructive. The Association now numbers 368 members in good standing. The officers elected for the ensuing year were: president, Miss C. C. Collins; vice-presidents, Mrs. J. J. Telford and Emma Isaacs; corresponding secretary, Mary Coady; recording secretary, Mary Alexander; treasurer, Miss K. Jenkins. Louisville. The City Hospital Alumnae Association held its annual meet- ing in April. A large number were in attendance. The principle work done during the year was the establishment of a sick benefit fund. The following officers were elected: president, Anna K. Bendeneau; vice-presidents, Joe O'Connor and Mrs. Florence McClelland; corresponding secretary, Anna Biggs; recording secretary, Matilda Stielberg; treasurer, Mary E. Foreman. The Deaconess Hospital held commencement exercises for a class of six mem- bers on May 1. TENNESSEE Knoxville. The East Tennessee Graduate Nurses' Association announces its election to membership in the American Nurses' Association. It was represent- ed at St. Louis by one of its most able members, Mrs. Lena Warner. A number of the members attended the second annual convention of the associations of the state at Chattanooga, June 3 and 4. It was a success from both educational and social standpoints. After listening to most interesting articles written by nurses the members were taken over the Chicamauga battle field, then to Pine Breeze, a sanitarium for tubercular patients, where luncheon was served. Mrs. Plewes, its superintendent, gave an interesting paper on Tuberculosis, on the second day of the convention. On this day there was also an address by Dr. Foltzclaw, papers on Training Nurses in Surgery by Miss Grass and on Registration and its Obligations by Mrs. Warner, and papers on Visiting Nursing, Metropolitan Insurance Nurs- ing, etc. Knoxville was chosen as the meeting place for 1915. The convention closed with a picnic supper on Signal Mountain, where toasts were given, special honor being paid to Mrs. Warner who has been untiring in her work. Lincoln Memorial Hospital held commencement exercises for a class of ten at the Lyceum Building on June 10, followed by a reception and dance. The Knoxville General Hospital held commencement exercises for a class of four on June 16, with addresses by Mayor Heiskell and Dr. V. D. Hollaway. 1012 The American Journal of Nursing The diplomas were presented by Dr. Snoddy and the pins by Mrs. Warner. A reception and dance followed. Mart I. Jackson has taken a post-graduate course in Columbia University to prepare for district nursing and school work. OHIO Cleveland. The Graduate Nurses' Association, at its last regular meeting of the year, took steps to perfect a plan for caring for people of moderate means. Florence E. Walker was appointed chairman of the committee. Mary A. Samuel, superintendent of Lakeside Hospital School for Nurses, is spending a two months' vacation in Scotland and England. Miss Carman and Miss Toot, graduates of Lakeside Hospital and of the Lying- in Hospital, New York, are making a business of supplying sterile obstetrical outfits. Mathilda Johnson, who was for so long at the head of the Visiting Nurse Asso- ciation, and who has done so much in bringing it to its present usefulness, after a year's leave of absence to take up special work, has resigned her position, and will hold a supervising position with the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company in connection with its nursing service. Cincinnati. The Christ Hospital Alumnae Association held its regular meeting at the nurses' home on May 13. The usual business was conducted with the election of officers for next year resulting as follows: president, Florence Deaver; treasurer, Blanche Fuller; secretary, Maud Silver. The twenty-four members of the graduating class were received into the association and later en- tertained at a banquet. Miss Deaver gave an interesting talk on Good Things Obtained at the National Association in St. Louis. Columbus. The Grant Hospital Alumnae Association held a very inter- esting and well-attended meeting in the reception rooms of the hospital on April 15. Dr. James M. Rector gave an interesting lecture and demonstration on Some Points in Diagnosis of the Alimentary Canal Complications. Dayton. The Graduate Nurses' Association of this city and vicinity held its regular meeting at the nurses' home, Miami Valley Hospital. Judge Rolland Baggot, of the Juvenile Court, gave an interesting and instructive talk concern- ing his work. He emphasized the need of more adequate state supervision of de- linquent girls. He said that 75% of the girls under eighteen years of age, passing under his court were immoral while only 5% of delinquency in boys was attributed to this cause. He urged that nurses lend their support to the delinquent girl. It was planned, at this meeting, to have the annual picnic on the third Tuesday in June at the Adirondack Camp, Hills and Dales. Officers were elected for the com- ing year as follows: president, Harriet Friend; vice-presidents, Lulu Sollars and Elpha Sine; secretary, Florence Brower; treasurer, Mary Christy. The Miami Valley Hospital Training School held graduation exercises on May 21 when a class of eleven members were given diplomas. Edna L. Foley, of Chicago, gave the address, The Obligations of the Graduate Nurse to the Com- munity. The annual alumnae re-union was held at the nurses' home on the Friday evening following. Grace Merrell, president of the Association, welcomed the class in a few well-chosen words. The response was given by Mrs. Ada Wright, president of the class. Lillian D. Titheus gave a history of the Association and training school. A high tribute was paid to Ella Phillips Crandall and Lillian Clayton who organized the school and alumnae association and gave to them the Nursing News and Announcements 1013 years of efficient, faithful service. Carrie B. Mead unveiled the class picture. The guests of honor were Dr. and Mrs. Crew and Harriet P. Friend, present superintendent of the training school. Findlay. Charlotte Kerans who for ten years has been superintendent of the City Hospital, will take up her new work as superintendent of the Flower Hospital, Toledo, on June 1. Akron. The Akeon City Hospital held commencement exercises on May 27 at the First Presbyterian Church. Rev. H. W. Lowry pronounced the invoca- tion. Addresses were given by Rev. Franklyn Cole Sherman and Mr. C. B. Raymond. Mr. Ohio C. Barber presented the diplomas. Nine nurses were grad- uated. MICHIGAN The Michigan State Nurses' Association held its tenth annual convention at the Chamber of Commerce, Lansing, May 26-28, with the following programme. May 26. Afternoon Session: Address of Welcome, Mrs. Charles M. Turner; response, Sarah Burrows ; reports of officers and committees ; president's address. An automobile ride given by the Ingham County Medical Society. Evening ses- sion, under the auspices of the State League of Nursing Education; address by the League's president; Education of Nurse before and during Training, discussed by Annie M. Coleman, Jane M. Pindell and Grace E. Meyers; Public Health Nurs- ing, Lystra E. Gretter; Registration, Mrs. Tacey. These addresses were inter- spersed with music by pupils from the School for the Blind. May 27. Morning session: business ; reports of delegates; reports of committees. Visit to the Edward W. Sparrow Hospital. Afternoon session: Tuberculosis, Curry Breckenridge; the Private Duty Nurse, Lulu B. Durkee; question box. Garden party at the home of Mrs. C. L. Barber. Evening: Executive meeting of League ; reception at the Women's Club House by the Ingham County Graduate Nurses' Association. May 28. Morning session: Business, election and reports. Afternoon session : Meetings of executive boards; bijou party given by the Ingham County Medical Society. The officers elected were: president, Elizabeth P. Greener, Muskegon; vice-presidents, Ida Barrett, Grand Rapids; Elizabeth Parker, Lansing; recording secretary, Mary Welsh, Grand Rapids; corresponding secretary, Jane M. Pindell, Ann Arbor; treasurer, Josephine Halvorsen, Port Huron; councilors: Lystra E. Gretter, Detroit; Sarah E. Sly, Birmingham. The Michigan State League of Nursing Education at its meeting in Lan- sing elected the following officers: president, Annie M. Coleman; vice-president, Lystra E. Gretter; secretary, Mary E. Jenks; treasurer, Josephine Thurlow. The The chairmen of committees are: program, Jane M. Pindell; credentials, Mrs. Susan Fisher Apted; nominating, Mrs. Mary S. Foy. The plan of work for the coming year will be presented and acted upon at the first session of the executive board in the fall. Mrs. Coleman, inspector of training schools, reported that 35 hospitals had been visited, and that those in the northern part of the state would be visited during the summer. The Board of Registration has issued a tentative curriculum which will be mailed to every hospital in the state, with request for careful study and criticism. Suggestions should be in the hands of the Board not later than September 1. Classes, lectures and demonstrations cover 558 hours in a three years' course. Registration has been granted to 1544 Michigan graduates, 252 from other states, 8 non-graduates. Four examinations were held during the 1014 The American Journal of Nursing year for 149 applicants. 24 did not appear, 8 failed, 114 certificates were issued to Michigan nurses, 3 to outside nurses, 1 was revoked, making a total of 1920. Detroit. The Wayne County Nurses' Association held a regular meeting on June 5, Miss Shear presiding. It was voted that the society donate $10.00 toward the support ot the Baycourt Convalescent Home for Mothers and Babies, also that the Association use some of its surplus funds for the beginning of a library. A committee of three, Zoe La Forge, chairman, Mary Mclntee and Frances Camp- bell, were appointed to make selections of books. At the close of the business sesssion, Effie M. Moore, delegate to St. Louis, gave her report of the convention. The Farkand Training School Alumnae Association held a meeting on May 12, with Miss Durkee presiding, about 75 nurses were present. The report of the American Nurses' Association was given by Elizabeth Lynch. Short talks on What Was Gleaned at the American Nurses' Association Meeting were given by Misses McLaughlin, Deans and Betteys. Miss C. Wright, class of 1904, and Miss Breese, school nurses from Vancouver, B. C, gave a brief outline of the work in the Canadian northwest. At the close of the business session, Miss Durkee, in behalf of the Alumnae Association, welcomed the graduating class of 1914, in whose honor a reception was held. St. Mary's Alumnae Association held a meeting on May 14, at the Nurses' Club, with a large attendance. Miss Blue, delegate to the recent convention in St. Louis, read a splendid report of the week's sessions, which the members ap- preciated, especially so, as it meant much hard work to attend all the sessions, and later to prepare a report. A social hour followed. The Woman's Hospital Alumnae Association entertained the graduating class of 1914 on May 1, at a theatre party at the Temple Theatre. Agnes C. Deans, assistant superintendent of the Visiting Nurse Association sailed for Scotland from Montreal, on June 13. The Board of Trustees presented her with a check of one hundred dollars as an expression of their appreciation and good will. The nurses and the official staff of the Babies' Milk Fund and the Vis- iting Nurse Association gave a dinner in her honor on June 4. Her many friends united in wishing her a safe and pleasant journey. Battle Creek. The Battle Creek Sanitarium and Hospital Training School for Nurses held its twenty-ninth annual commencement exercises June 8, in the Sanitarium Gymnasium. The main address to the graduates was given by Dean Walter Taylor Sumner, D.D. His subject was entitled "The Nurse and Social Service." The Alumnae op the Battle Creek Sanitarium and Hospital Training School for Nurses held their annual reunion and reception in honor of the Class of 1914 on the evening of June 11, on the beautiful grounds and porches of the San- itarium Annex. Ann Arbor. The University of Michigan Training School for Nurses held graduation exercises for the twenty-six members of the class of 1914 on the evening of May 6, in the Sarah Caswell Angell hall. Dr. Victor C. Vaughn, Dean of the Department of Medicine and Surgery presided. The address was made by Mrs. Lystra E. Gretter, superintendent of the Detroit Visiting Nurse Association. Hannah Cochrane rendered two vocal selections. Jane Pindell, superintendent of nurses, administered the Modified Hippocratic Oath. President H. B. Hutchins presented the diplomas. The exercises were followed by a reception and dance. The Alumnae Association of the University of Michigan Training School held its annual meeting at the hospital, May 9. Three members were ad- Nursing News and Announcements 1015 mitted to the Association. The officers elected for the coming year were : president, Mrs. C. L. Washburn; vice-president, Helen Stover; secretary-treasurer, Lucile Butler. Fantine Pemberton gave a talk on Red Cross work. After adjournment, a banquet was given to the graduating class. Newberry. Newberry State Hospital held its graduating exercises on June 15 at the Amusement Hall. Six nurses and five attendants received diplomas. The address was given by Hon. William R. Oates of Marquette. Diplomas and pins were presented by the president of the board of trustees, F. P. Bohn, M.D. A reception followed. Grand Rapids. Millie Speaks, class of 1908, Butterworth Hospital, has ac- cepted a position as assistant superintendent of Mercy Hospital, Benton Harbor. Lansing. The Edward W. Spaebow Training School held commencement exercises on June 5. Dr. L. Anna Ballard gave the address and presented the diplomas. An address was also given by Mr. W. K. Prudden. The Nightingale Pledge was recited by the class. The eleven graduates carried flowers presented by the Ingham County Nurses' Association. The Ingham County Nurses' Association held its June meeting on the 6th, having as its guests the graduates of the Edward W. Sparrow Training School. After a paper on Registration, a social hour was enjoyed. The Association then adjourned until October. WISCONSIN The Wisconsin Association op Graduate Nurses held its quarterly meeting in Eau Claire, in the reception room of the nurses' home, Luther Hospital. Dele- gates from three affiliated societies and nurses from Chippewa Falls, La Crosse, Madison, Monroe, Menomonie and Milwaukee attended. Dane County Nurses' Association was voted into membership. This society has fifty-eight members. A letter from Miss Delano was read asking for appointments to fill vacancies in the state committee on Red Cross Nursing Service. It was deemed wisest after some discussion to appoint nurses from various parts of the state and Margaret Thomas, Eau Claire, was chosen to represent the northern district, and Mrs. L. A. Moore to represent the southern district. Clara Lewis was elected delegate to the American Nurses' Association. A program followed the business meeting. The speakers were : Dr. Tupper, Eau Claire, Some Important Problems to be Solved in the Nursing Profession; Miss Patterson, Superintendent Visiting Nurses' Association, Minneapolis, The Nurse, her Opportunities and Responsibilities; Rosa Perdue, Milwaukee, Welfare Work among Working Girls; Mrs. Wiltrout, Secretary Associated Charities, Chippewa Falls, Public Nursing from the view- point of the Laity. The papers were instructive and delighful. After the meet- ing a banquet was given at the Eau Claire club, which nurses and guests, num- bering about one hundred, attended. The Board of Directors op the Wisconsin Association op Graduate Nurses held a meeting at the Emergency Hospital, Milwaukee, May 22. The question arose as to the propriety of sending an affiliated member as delegate to the American Nurses' Association. The president explained that there were only three individual members present at the last quarterly meeting, and the fact that the delegate chosen was not an individual member was not questioned. There was also a discussion about the attendance of members to these meetings, and it was suggested that in order to secure a better attendance it would be advisable to have an annual convention lasting two or three days, instead of quarterly 1016 The American Journal of Nursing meetings of one day's duration. It was thought that this might offer an extra in- ducement to out of town members, who seldom feel it worth while to make an effort to come for one day. No action was taken. Resignations of Miss E. K. Hall, North Bend, Oregon, and Anna Rasmuson, Milwaukee, were accepted. Regine White was recommended as chairman of state committee on Red Cross Nursing Service. Refreshments were served by Miss White. Wawatosa. The Milwaukee County Hospital Training School foe Nurses gave a public demonstration of nursing methods and first aid work in the amphitheatre on May 27. This was the first public demonstration given in Mil- waukee county and was well attended by a representative audience that showed much interest in the work of the nurses. The Alumnae Association of the Milwaukee County Hospital Training School for Nurses held its annual meeting on May 27, electing the following officers: president, Mina Newhouse; vice-presidents, Bertha M. Schultz and Stella Fuller; secretary, Catherine M. Sullivan; treasurer, Minna Zimmerman; executive committee, Marion D. Bell and Louise Walter. Milwaukee. Trinity Hospital Training School, conducted by Marquette University, graduated a class of nineteen at the commencement exercises held in the Auditorium on June 18. The address to the class was given by U. S. District Attorney Guy D. Goff. Rev. Joseph Grimmelsman, president of the University, conferred the diplomas; and Miss N. E. Casey, superintendent of the training school, the medals. A reception and dance followed the exercises, in the nurses' home. The Milwaukee County Nurses' Association, during its second official year, held eight regular meetings, two social evening meetings, six directors' meetings, and one special meeting for the purpose of adopting amendments to the consti- tution and by-laws. The meetings have been well attended, with an average of thirty members and twenty visitors. In February the Association became affiliated with the State Association. At the annual meeting, held on June 9, in Gimbel's Tea Room, the following officers were elected: president, Mrs. George Ernst; vice-presidents, Cora Nifer, Anna Rasmussen; treasurer, Kate Kohlsaat; secre- tary, Stella Fuller. The meeting was followed by the annual picnic at Lake Parle. MINNESOTA The Minnesota State Graduate Nurses' Association held its tenth semi- annual meeting on May 1, at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester. Mrs. Stuhr presided; there were 115 members present. The field secretary, Miss Wadsworth, gave an interesting account of her work throughout the state. The Association amended its by-laws to include corporate as well as individual members. Any graduate from a hospital in the state may become a member through her alumnae association, if that is a corporate member; a nurse whose alumnae associations is not in the state may become an individual member. The members enjoyed a very interesting address by Miss Goodrich on Nursing — a Profession. After the meeting the mem- bers were taken in automobiles to the country home of Dr. Mayo to tea. In the evening a reception was given at the nurses' home of St. Mary's Hospital. Rochester. The Alumnae Association of St. Mary's Hospital held its first annual banquet at the Hotel Zumbro on May 7. The guests of honor were the new Superintendent of Nurses, Miss Ledwidge, formerly on the faculty of the Illinois Training School for Nurses, and the graduating class of 1914. Altogether about fifty young ladies were present and enjoyed a very pleasant evening. Nursing News and Announcements 1017 Minneapolis. St. Mary's Nurses' Alumnae Association held its annual banquet at Donaldson's Tea Rooms on June 9, in honor of the fourteen graduates. The annual meeting was held on June 3, when the following officers were elected: president, Julia O'Connor; vice-presidents, Mary O'Berg, Clara Busch; recording secretary, Helen Burke; corresponding secretary, Margaret Kennedy; treasurer, Miss Vorbeck; directors, Misses Agnes Hope, Krimbring and Anna Griffin. INDIANA Fort Wayne. Hope Hospital Alumnae Association held its annual meeting in May at the hospital, with a good attendance. The following officers were elected : president, Allan Gress; vice-president, Frances Keyser; secretary, Gertrude Barber ; treasurer, Elizabeth Springer. A social hour followed the business session. South Bend. The Nurses of St. Joseph's County met in the parlors of the Y. W. C. A. for the purpose of organizing a county association for registered nurses. The following officers were elected: president, Margaret R. Parker; vice-president, Miss Huffman; secretary, Miss Douglass; treasurer, Miss Doty. After the business session Anna Rein of Indianapolis, spoke to the nurses on how to organize a central directory and the advantages to the nurses and the com- munity in having a well-managed directory. ILLINOIS Chicago. The First District of the Illinois State Association held a meeting in the amphitheatre of Cook County Hospital on May 5, Mrs. Bache pre- siding. The Membership Committee reported 34 applications which were ac- cepted. It was decided to change the time of meeting from the first Tuesday of the month to the second. Miss Ahrens reported for the Club House Committee that a suitable building had been obtained at 1910 Calumet Avenue, and that at that time there were 299 nurses enrolled with the central registry. The senior classes from the various training schools were guests of the evening. After the transaction of routine business, the session was devoted to explaining to them the object of the various associations. Eleanor Thompson spoke of The Illinois State Association and First District Association; Adda Eldridge, The American Nurses' Association; Minnie Ahrens, The American Journal of Nursing; Marie Phelan, The American Red Cross. Helen Scott Hay, who will go to Bulgaria, ex- plained some of the duties expected of her in establishing a training school for nurses in that country. A reception followed in Congress Hall. The Nurses' Club and Directory held a formal opening of the new club house and a farewell reception for Helen Scott Hay, on June 4. St. Joseph's Hospital Alumnae held the annual May party on May 13, it was well attended and most pleasant. Class Day was observed as usual on. April 24 by a luncheon at the hospital. The annual meeting was held at the hospital on June 5, when the following officers were elected: president, Sister Camilla; vice- president, Mrs. Bastian; treasurer, Loretta Casey; secretary, Anna Willenborg, 740 Garfield avenue; directors: Madeline Walsh, Misses Zace, Graff and Doniat; Sick Committee, Sister Camilla, Misses Nugent, Avington and Feeley. Eva Louise Doniat, 4129 Kenmore Avenue, was chosen to correspond with the Ameri- can Journal of Nursing, and it was requested that members keep her informed of interesting events. After the meeting a luncheon was served in the Assembly Room under the auspices of the Senior Class. 1018 The American Journal of Nursing St. Joseph's Hospital held graduating exercises in the Central Club House on June 16. The addition to the hospital is rapidly nearing completion. The Michael Reese Hospital Training School fob Nurses graduated a class of twenty-six pupils on the evening of June 3. The exercises were held at the Standard Club. Dr. David Schram, Judge Julian Mack and Joseph Stolz addressed the class. The response from the class was made by Vera Shipley. The Annie E. Frankenthal prizes were awarded to Vera Shipley for general excellence, and to Christina Smith for excellence in obstetrical nursing. The Passavant Memorial Hospital held its annual commencement for the training school on June 2, at the New England Congregational Church. There were six graduates. A reception followed. The PASSAvant Alumnae Association held a banquet for the graduating class on May 27 at Lincoln Parkway Tea Room. The following program provided entertainment: address of welcome, Burdette Hamilton; response, India Pfeifer; Our Alumnae Association, Alfreida Swanson; Class Chronicle, Emma Applegren; Our Training School and its Affiliations, Eliza C. Glenn; Psalm of Passavant Life, Verna Brown; Reading of Declaration, Naomi Blosser. Short speeches and toasts followed. The Alumnae Association op the Hahnemann Hospital Training School held its annual meeting on June 5. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: president, Mrs. Mary McNaughton; vice-president, Edith Weaver; secretary, Georgia Whipple; treasurer, Alice C. Tapping. Among the other interesting features, news items of interest were presented concerning alumnae. Genevieve E. Kidd will make her home permanently in Portland, Oregon, after June 1. Alice L. Ketridge, of the Child Saving Institute, Omaha, read a very interesting paper on Infant Feeding at the convention of the American Nurses' Association. Alice J. Tapping has gone into Tuberculosis work and is stationed at the Hahnemann College Dispensary. Caroline Gisel sailed in June for her home in Switzerland to be absent six months. Nellie M. Crissy attended the convention in St. Louis. Dr. and Mrs. P. M. Cliver and son are in Europe. Mrs. Cliver was Nell Myers. Edna Stuart recently returned from Boston and is doing hourly nursing and massage at her home in Lake Forrest. Helen Leonard will again serve as superintendent of nurses at the Daily News Sanitarium. Jeanette Kipp presented a very interesting report of the Convention of the American Nurses' Association which she attended as delegate. On May 4, the Association ten- dered a banquet to the graduating class and to the supervisors of the training school. Many classes were represented and greetings were read from absent members. The Hahnemann Hospital Training School held commencement exercises at the hospital on May 7. A class of seven received diplomas and pins. A re- ception followed at the nurses' home. The Alumnae Association of the Chicago Hospital Training Scjhool for Nurses held its regular meeting, electing the following officers : president, Olive Beason; vice-presidents, Helen B. Freer and Caroline Nelson; secretaries, Katherine Braduer and Rena Watkins; treasurer, Josephine Mack; directors, Lettie Jones, Ethel Dickinson and Mrs. R. C. Weeks. Helen Freer has accepted the position of director of nurses at Oak Forest Infirmary. Margaret De Noyer is taking a post-graduate course in surgery at Dr. Cyrile Hoyt's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. Nursing News and Announcements 1019 The Alumnae Association of St. Mary of Nazareth's Training School for Nurses, at its annual meeting held at the hospital on May 5, elected the following officers: president, Sister M. Dolores; vice-president, Miss S. Hawkins; recording secretary, Miss K. Conway; corresponding secretary, Miss W. Gory- luska; treasurer, Miss A. Oberst. The board of directors elected were Miss E. Rinker, Miss M. O'Donnell, and Miss M. Gleeson. Prof. A. J. Ochsner, Dr. D. A. Orth, Harriet Fulmer and Mary C. Wheeler were elected honorary members. St. Mary's of Nazareth Hospital held graduation exercises May 7, at the Working Boys' Club. Eleven nurses were graduated. Rev. P. J. O'Callaghan made the opening address followed by Attorney Mitschel. The diplomas were presented by Prof. A. J. Ochsner. The graduating class was entertained at the hospital on May 6. Constance M. Wagner recently left the private duty field and is engaged in social work in the Service Department of the Wholesale Cloth- ier's Association of Chicago. Mercy Hospital Nurses' Alumnae Association held its annual business meeting the first week in June. The following officers were elected for the coming year: president, Mary Cleary; vice-presidents, Mrs. Wm. Sullivan, Mary G. Close; corresponding secretary, Mary Lawless; recording secretary, Mary O'Neill; treasurer, Genevieve Dyer; Chairmen of standing committees, Margaret Fitz- gerald, Anna Gough, Lillian Hazeman, Anna Fitzgerald. On June 11, the Alumnae held its annual banquet and reunion at the hospital. Two hundred graduates enjoyed a very enthusiastic home coming. The thirty-two graduates in the class of 1914 were the guests of honor. The Mercy Hospital School for Nurses graduated a class of thirty-two on June 10th. The diplomas were presented by President A. W. Harris at the annual commencement exercises of the Northwestern University. The Alumnae Association of the Illinois Training School held its usual banquet in June at the Hotel Sherman, with the graduating class as guests. About 175 were present and all enjoyed the occasion, many of the out-of-town alumnae being present. Ellen Tomsen, class of 1913, has joined the staff of school nurses. Lillian Ruff and Daisy Burcham, class of 1912, have joined the visiting nurse staff. Grace Romine, class of 1901, is surgical head nurse in Mount Zion Hospital, San Francisco. Cora F. Hobein, class of 1914, has gone to China as a missionary nurse. Peoria.— The John C. Proctor Hospital graduated a class of thirteen on May 15 at the First Congregational Church. The principal address was de- livered by Rev. C. G. Clark; the diplomas were presented by Dr. J. C. Roberts. The following evening the alumnae association tendered its annual banquet to the class, when toasts were responded to by Miss Breen, superintendent of the hospital; Miss Glover, class of 1901; Miss Anderson, 1905; Miss Wood, 1907; Miss Smith, 1909; Miss Freidinger, 1911; Miss Burtnett, 1913. Miss Highway responded for the class of 1914, and Miss Honce gave the class history. An informal dance followed. The John C. Proctor Alumnae Association, at a regular meeting held on June 10, elected the following officers: president, Miss B. Moore; vice-presidents, Misses Feihl, Kilby, Sturms; secretary, Rose Wood, 403 Second Avenue; assistant secretary, E. Morrison; treasurer, Mrs. C. E. Scullin. The Deaconess Hospital was formally dedicated on May 19. It is a modern and perfectly-equipped hospital, with fifty beds. Miss M. Mclntyre, a graduate of Wesley Hospital, Chicago, is superintendent. 1020 The American Journal of Nursing IOWA Des Moines. — The Iowa Methodist Hospital Alumnae Association held its annual banquet at the Hotel Chamberlain on May 30. Fifty-five members were present. Miss. R. E. Bidmead, who is superintendent of nurses was a guest. Sioux City. — The German Lutheran Hospital Training School for Nurses held graduating exercises on May 28 in the reception rooms of the nurses home. A class of eight members was graduated. Addresses were given by Rev. H. Maar and Rev. Ilten. Dr. F. C. Leytze presented the diplomas and medals. A reception followed the exercises. The Alumnae Association held its regular monthly meeting on May 2 in the reception rooms of the hospital. NORTH DAKOTA Grand Forks.— The Grand Forks County Nurses' Association held its monthly meeting on May 8, in the Y. M. C. A. rooms. Plans were formed for the annual picnic in Riverside Park. Letters of greeting were sent to two members sick in Minneapolis hospitals, Bertha Erdmann and Inga Hvidding. Lila Hol- versen gave a good report of the state meeting at Bismark. The Association held its regular monthly business meeting and annual picnic in Riverside Park on June 11. A very enjoyable time was reported. It was decided to suspend all meetings during the summer. Alice L. Smith, directoress of the Course for Nurses at the University of Grand Forks, will spend the summer at her home in Bloomington, Indiana, re- turning to the University in the fall. Valley City.— The Barnes County Graduate Nurses' Association held a regular monthly meeting on May 18 at the home of Mrs. Frank White. Mrs. White is a member of the Executive Board of the Women's Federated Clubs and gave a splendid talk on club work urging the cooperation of the nurses' associa- tions of the state. Mrs. Murray of Cincinnati also spoke on the subject. The Association has had a tent on the Valley City Chatauqua Grounds and much enjoyed assisting Dr. Archer in the Better Babies Contest conducted in the Child Welfare tent. University. — Bertha Erdmann, director of the course for nurses at the Uni- versity of North Dakota, has resigned her position on account of ill health, and is spending the summer at Lutsen, Minnesota. Alice L. Smith, who substituted last year, has been appointed her successor. The course of one year of academic work, prior to the entrance of the student to a three-year hospital course was first offered by the University in 1910. The classes have been small, but there is much interest, and the work is being continued. Among the affiliated institu- tions are: Bellevue, New York; Presbyterian and Augustana, Chicago; Univer- sity of Minnesota, Minneapolis; St. Luke's, St. Paul; Bismark, Bismark, North Dakota. MISSOURI The Fourth State Board Examination will be held in St. Louis, and Kansas City, as follows: St. Louis, Mo., September 8 and 9, 1914, at the Planters; Kansas City, Mo., September 10 and 11, 1914, at the Coates House. Fanny E. S. Smith, R.N., Secretary. Nursing News and Announcements 1021 St. Louis.— The Jewish Hospital Tbaining School fob Nurses held com- mencement exercises on June 2. A class of ten members was graduated. The commencement address was delivered by Mr. Roger Baldwin, secretary of the Civic League. Announcement was made of an annual scholarship in Teachers College of Columbia University, N. Y., of the value of $700.00 by the Training School Alumnae and the Ladies Auxiliary Board to be given to the graduate re- ceiving the highest grade, limited to those whose education entitles them to enter that institution. The scholarship of this year was awarded to Edna M. Wenger. The Lutheran Hospital Alumnae Association gave a reception on April 24 to its graduates who were attending the national convention from various states. Fifty-eight were present and a most enjoyable evening was spent. Of fifteen classes who have been graduated from the hospital, representatives of fourteen responded to roll call. The regular monthly meeting was held May 4. The delegate to the national convention gave a very interesting report. Caro- line Pope who has been doing missionary work in India for six years gave an interesting description of her work. Anna Struckmeyer, class of 1906, has ac- cepted the position as superintendent of the King's Daughters' Hospital, Green- ville, Miss. Ella Hintz, class of 1907, has accepted the position as surgical nurse at the same place. Kansas City. — The Kansas City Graduate Nurses' Association held its regular monthly meeting at the club rooms on May 6. About sixty nurses were present. The large attendance and the interest manifested was to a large extent due to the enthusiasm of the delegation of twenty-two who attended the convention in St. Louis. Reports from all the sections of the American Nurses' Association, the National League of Nursing Education and the National Or- ganization of Public Health Nursing were given by both delegates and visitors. Frances Ott, treasurer of the Indiana association, was present also and gave a very interesting talk. Refreshments were served by the executive committee assisted by the senior class of the General Hospital. The June meeting was held on June 3, at the new club house. About forty members were present as well as representatives from the graduating classes of different training schools of the city. The report of the special committee on securing a club house was submitted in the form of an attractive and well-furnished house. About five hundred dollars had been expended on furnishings which was donated by friends and organizations. The superintendents' association furnished one room, the University Hospital Alumnae, the registrar's room. The alumnae associations of the Scawitt Training School and the General Hospital donated ten dollars as did the Keith Furniture Company. The staff of the Visiting Nurses' Asso- ciation gave the porch furniture and a book-case. Various gifts of linen were presented by individual members. Charlotte B. Forrester spoke on the value of perseverance in attaining an end, using an as illustration the club house which was begun six years ago with a sum of $2.55 as a nucleus. Mrs. George F. Damon gave a report of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections which was held in Memphis, Tennessee. After adjournment, the members inspected the new home and were served with refreshments by the Alumnae of St. Luke' Hos- pital. During the months of July and August the regular business sessions of the Association will be suspended and informal meetings will be held on the evenings of the regular meeting days. The Alumnae Association of the University Hospital held its monthly 1022 The American Journal of Nursing meeting at the club rooms on May 5. The superintendent and senior class of the hospital were present. Several reports of the convention at St. Louis were given and an original poem by Mary Morgan, a charter member, was read. The German Hospital Training School held its graduating exercises at the Elk's club rooms May 14. Twenty-two nurses received diplomas. The Red Cross Hospital held commencement exercises on May 18. Four nurses were graduated. The South Side Hospital graduated a class of four nurses on June 4. The Kansas City General Hospital commencement began with a bacca- laureate sermon, May 24. Graduating exercises for the colored department were on May 25, three nurses being graduated. The luncheon to the mayor and hospital board was given on May 26; luncheon to the faculty, alumnae and graduating class, by the class of 1915, on May 26. The commencement exercises were held in the assembly hall on May 28. Eleven nurses received diplomas. On May 29, the alumnae gave a picnic for the faculty and graduating class. Lillian Cove, graduate of Wesley Hospital has resigned as superintendent of the Hahnemann Hospital. Mrs. E. M. Hasselblad has resigned her position as night supervisor of the colored department of the General Hospital and has gone to her ranch in Colo- rado. She is succeeded by Elizabeth Emerich. NEBRASKA Omaha. — The Graduate Nurses' Official Registry Association held a general meeting on May 13 to revise the constitution and by-laws. It was voted unanimously to accept as members only registered nurses. The Omaha General Hospital held graduating exercises at the hospital. Dr. E. C. Henry gave the address. A reception was held after the exercises. The Nebraska Methodist Episcopal Hospital had the following com mencement calendar: May 24, baccalaureate sermon; May 27, commencement at First Methodist Church, followed by a reception; May 28, alumnae day; May 29, seniors' luncheon at the hospital. Clarkson Memorial Hospital held its commencement exercises at Trinity Cathedral on May 19. The diplomas were presented by Bishop Williams to twelve graduates. A reception and dance followed at the Parish House. Anne Am- bridge, of St'. Luke's Hospital, Chicago, has resigned her position as assistant superintendent of the Clarkson Memorial Hospital to take up new work in Chi- cago. Miss Ambridge has also been chairman of the local Red Cross Committee and president of the State League of Nursing Education. She leaves a host of friends and will be greatly missed in the professional work of the State. Ida Hulette, who has been superintendent of Wise Memorial Hospital for three years, has resigned to take charge of a private hospital in San Antonio, Texas. Alice Ketridge, who has been for three years superintendent of nurses of the Child Saving Institute, has resigned her position. She is a graduate of Hahne- mann Hospital, Chicago. The Wise Memorial Hospital Alumnae Association held its annual ban- quet on June 8 at Hotel Loyal. A meeting for the election of officers followed at the nurses' home. The result was as follows: president, Margaret McGnevy; vice-presidents, Margaret Muir and Eva May; secretary, Thora Clausen; treas- urer, Elizabeth Weber. Nursing News and Announcements 1023 KANSAS Topeka.— The City Association of Graduate Nurses held its June meet- ing in the Y. W. C. A. Assembly Hall. Dr. MoVey gave an excellent address on Nursing Ethics. Thirteen new members were accepted. Katherine Jacquemin was chosen as delegate to the state association meeting in October, with Miss Baldwin as alternate. Current events were discussed. Dr. McVey recommended that a central registry for registered nurses should be established, and Mrs. Moore spoke of the need of a public health nurse. Following'the business session, a reception was held for the graduating classes of the training schools of the city. Christ's Hospital Training School Alumnae Association gave a ban- quet at the Y. W. C. A. on June 1 in honor of the graduating class. Several toasts were given and a delightful evening was spent. The following day the annual meeting and election of officers took place at the hospital. Miss Pearson was reelected president; Miss Winter, vice-president; Miss Langley, secretary; and Miss Palmatier, treasurer. Twenty applications for membership were re- ceived and six members were reinstated. In the evening the graduating exercises were held, the address being given by Dean Kaye of Grace Cathedral. He has been closely connected with the work of the nurses for a number of years. Bishop Millspaugh presented the diplomas and pins. After the services at the cathe- dral the Dean and Mrs. Kaye gave a reception to the graduates. ARKANSAS The Arkansas State Board of Nurse Examiners met May 11-12 in the rooms of the Board of Education at the State Capitol to transact routine business and conduct an examination. There were 55 applicants, 52 of whom passed. Two failed to qualify to the satisfaction of the Board. The annual election of officers was held. Menia S. Tye was made president; Mrs. F. W. Aydlett, secretary-treasurer. The meeting was adjourned till October. OKLAHOMA The Oklahoma State Board for Examination and Registration of Nurses has a new member, Luella Soliday, of Tulsa, appointed by Governor Cruce on June 1. Mabel Garrison and Lucy Maguire of Oklahoma City were reappointed. TEXAS Houston.— The Houston Graduate Nurses' Association held its annual meeting on May 19. The election of officers resulted as follows : president, Miss Wood; vice-presidents, Miss Seab, Miss Perkins; secretary and treasurer, Mrs. Engblad; registrar, Mrs. Craig; directors, Misses Orrell, Christian, Burt, Mrs. Burnett. Daisy Krebs was one of the refugees from Tampioo, she is now in a hospital position at Bryan. The Baptist Sanitarium held graduating exercises on May 26 for a class of ten nurses. St. Joseph's Infirmary held exercises for a class of six on May 27. 1024 The American Journal of Nursing Miss Ewing left the city on June 15 for a trip abroad. On her return, she and Mrs. Parsons will take a year's course at Teachers College, New York. Mrs. Engblad will succeed Miss Ewing in social service nursing. Miss Brient, the state delegate to the St. Louis meetings, enjoyed them so much that she is urging the Texas nurses to secure a car for the trip to California next year. Temple. — Miss Warren, a graduate of the Temple Sanitarium, has taken charge of the operating room in a private hospital at Lubbock. Mamie Ruseh has accepted a position as superintendent of Dr. Thomas' Hospital in Taylor. Miss V. Fowler, class of 1914, is assistant superintendent of the operating room in the same hospital. Miss McMahon, graduate of the Union Benevolent Asso- ciation Hospital, Grand Rapids, Mich., has accepted a position as dietitian at the Temple Sanitarium. MONTANA The Montana State Board of Examiners for Nurses held its annual meeting in the State House, Helena, June 1-4. Fifty applicants were considered at this meeting, making the total number registered during the first year, 381. The Board would like to call the attention of nurses expecting to locate in the state to the compulsory clause. Application for registration must be filed with the secretary before one can practise in the state. The officers elected for the ensuing year are: president and training-school inspector, Lucy Ann Mar- shall, Missoula; secretary-treasurer, Florence Ames, 211 Custer Avenue, Billings. The Montana State Graduate and Registered Nurses' Association held its third annual meeting in Billings, June 18-20, with the following program : June 18, address of welcome, Mayor Robert Leavens; response, Gertrude Sloane; The Nurse as an Aid to Prevention of Disease, Dr. E. G. Balsam; Edu- cating the Nurse, Lydia Van Leuvanee; Teaching of Dietetics, Miss Ackerman. Afternoon Session, Qualifications of a Successful Nurse, Sister Mary Corona ; Obligations of the Registered Nurse, Clare E. Brunnelle; What Nurses Owe to Pasteur, Koch, Lister, Dr. Wm. A. Walters; Nursing of Contagious Diseases, Anna Freshley; Prevention of Acute Intestinal Diseases of Babies in Summer, Dr. Mott H. Arnold; The Efficiency of Nursing, Augusta Ariss. At 7 p.m. a dinner was given the members at the Northern Hotel by the Yellowstone County Association. June 19. Breakfast at the Grand Hotel, given by Ellen Magee. Morning Session, papers on School Nursing, Edna Wells, Mrs. Iva Cliff Benson; Nursing Ideals, Dr. W. G. Richards; Pioneer Nurses, Harriet Peoples; address, Dr. H. E. Armstrong; Public Health Nursing, Miss M. M. Hughes. Afternoon Session, Nurses Loyalty to Physician, Patient, and Hospital, Agnes Kelly; Educational Prevention of Infant Mortality, Mary C. Piatt; ad- dress, Dr. Edw. Thuerer; Tuberculosis Nursing, Mrs. M. R. Boyle; Opportunities in Red Cross Work, Gertrude F. Sloane; address, Dr. Morrison; Nursing of Ner- vous Patients, Mrs. N. Lester Bennett; County Organization, Harriet O'Day. Evening reception at Masonic Hall. COLORADO The Colorado State Board of Nurse Examiners will meet at the Capitol Build- ing, Denver, September 8-9-10 ; 1914, to examine applicants for registration Nursing News and Announcements 1025 according to the law. For further information apply to Louise Perrin, R.N., Secretary, Capitol Building, Denver. Denver. — The Alumnae Association op the Colorado Training School held its regular monthly meeting on May 12 at the Steele Hospital. Eleven members responded to the roll call. The following chairmen of committees were appointed for the ensuing year: Membership, Ethel Hedges; Program, Olga Norley; Room, Mrs. E. Arndt. The June meeting was held at the County Hospital on the 20th. Superintendents of the different schools, members of the State Board, and pupil nurses of the County Hospital listened to the report of the delegate to the American Nurses' Association, Louie Croft Boyd, which was very much enjoyed. The Colorado Training School held graduating exercises in the Woman's Club on June 2, for a class of eight. The program consisted of a reading from James Whitcomb Riley by Dr. J. M. Perkins, mayor of the city; an address by Dr. Frost C. Buchtel; presentation of pins by Maud McClaskie, superintendent of nurses; presentation of diplomas by Dr. Sharpley, superintendent of the County Hospital. After the exercises there was dancing in the ball room. Anna Veith has taken the position of night supervisor in the University Hospital, Boulder. St. Joseph's Hospital Alumnae Association at its annual meeting elected the following officers : president, Mrs. Barney; secretary, Ella Andrews; treasurer, Eva Fortman. Nell Culleton, class of 1907, who is in the Army Nurse Corps, has been transferred from Washington to San Francisco. Ethel Parr, class of 1911, is in charge of a hospital in Douglas, Wyoming. Anne Wallace, class of 1910, is also there in institutional work. Lena Reen, class of 1913, has a hospital position in Lauder, Wyoming. Margaret McCallum, class of 1914, has charge of the operating room at Salida Hospital. Lillian Ryan, class of 1912, is in the Army service in the Philippines. Anna M. Swanson, class of 1912, is superinten- dent of the Swedish Sanitarium in this city. St. Joseph's Hospital graduated a class of seventeen nurses this year. It has now 75 in training. During the past year eleven of the seniors success- fully passed the state examinations. A Chase doll has been added to the equip- ment of the hospital and is proving a valuable aid in the practical demonstrations. Mercy Hospital will soon have a fine tennis court adjoining the nurses' home, the gift of two retiring internes, Dr. Mugrage and Dr. Stuver. An inter- esting illustrated lecture was given recently at the nurses' home by Dr. Wetherill. Colorado Springs. — The Bethell Training School for Nurses held gradu- ating exercises on June 16 at the Burns Theatre for a class of seven. Dr. Mavitt, superintendent of the hospital, presented the diplomas; Miss B. Gardner, super- intendent of nurses, administered the Hippocratic Oath; Miss Work presented the pins. Dr. Work of Pueblo gave an excellent address. The Registered Nurses' Association was invited and a large number attended in a body, occupying seats that had been reserved for them. After the exercises a banquet was served at the Antlers' Hotel for the faculty, nurses, doctors and association. Miss Price sailed for England in June. Fort Collins. — Fort Collins Training School graduated a class of six nurses on May 1. Esther Foster, class of 1911, has gone to Boston for a course in Public Health nursing. 1026 The American Journal of Nursing UTAH Salt Lake City. — St. Mark's Hospital held graduating exercises on April 25 in St. Mark's Cathedral. Dr. Warren Benjamin delivered the address. Bishop Spalding presented the diplomas, after addressing the class and administering the Nightingale Pledge. Elizabeth Shellabarger, superintendent of nurses, pre- sented the pins. A reception and dance followed in B'nai B'Rith Hall. CALIFORNIA The California State Nurses' Association held its eleventh annual con- vention in Sacramento, May 25-27, with a good attendance from all parts of the state. On Monday evening addresses were given by Governor Johnson, Mrs. M. R. O'Neil, and Mary Rebzinski. A reception followed, given by the Sacra- mento County Nurses' Association. On Tuesday the program included: the annual address of the president, Mrs. Mitchell; short reports of county associations; Fraternity and Hospitality, Margaret A. Pepoon; Ethics and Fraternity, Agnes Wilson; Our Alumnae Socie- ties; Nurses Directory from the Standpoint of a Business Woman, Mrs. Middleton; The Private Duty Nurse, Grace Stevens; Prenatal Work, Celia Britner. After- noon Session, business. Evening Session, Better State-Wide Conditions for California's Tuberculosis Poor, Dr. Robert Peers; California Legislation of Interest to Nurses, Mrs. Charles Farwell Edson. Wednesday Morning, Public Health addresses. Afternoon, a launch ride on the Sacramento River. Evening, a mass meeting. The officers for the coming year are: president, Mrs. A. W. Evans, Oakland; vice-presidents, Lila Pickhardt, Pasadena, Mabel Wilson, Sacramento; secretary, Mrs. J. H. Taylor, San Fran- cisco; treasurer, Clara Saunders, San Francisco; members of the board of direc- tors, Mary I. Hall, Miss E. A. Caldwell, Pearl W. Craft, Mary L. Cole, Mrs. L. L. Mitchell, Mrs. C. C. Pottenger. The Association went on record as approving a maximum schedule of fifty-six hours a week, eight hours a day, for pupil nurses. It also went on record as opposing the universal eight-hour law which is to be voted upon this fall in the general election. Arrangements were discussed for the next annual convention which is to be held in San Francisco in 1915 in conjunc- tion with the American Nurses' Association and the International Council of Nurses. Redlands. — The Redlands Hospital Alumnae Association held its semi- annual meeting on June 2, when the following officers were elected: president, Mrs. Orth; vice-president, Wallace Pitts; secretary and treasurer, Elsie Wash- burn. The association has been organized for six months and has had a helpful and interesting program at each meeting. On May 20 a banquet was given at the Casa Loma Hotel for the graduating class. On June 16 an open-air meeting was held in Library Park, to which all graduates were invited, whether in active practice or not, at which practical nursing problems were discussed in an informal way. CANADA The Canadian Society of Superintendents of Training Schools fob Nurses held its eighth annual meeting in the Technical College, Halifax, Nova Scotia, July 8 and 9. The program was as follows: Nursing News and Announcements 1027 Wednesday afternoon, Addresses of welcome — Hon. G. H. Murray, Premier of Nova Scotia, and Hon. Mr. Justice Drysdale, Chairman of Board of Commis- sioners of Victoria General Hospital. Reply to addresses of welcome — Miss Randall, Superintendent of Nurses, Vancouver General Hospital. Address of President — Miss V. L. Kirke, Superintendent of Nurses, Victoria General Hos- pital, Halifax. Business. Ethics, Mrs. Goodson, Chicago ; Nursing in Contagious Diseases, Miss Mathieson, Superintendent Isolation Hospital, Toronto. 8.00 p.m. The Care of Nurses, Elizabeth Robinson Scovil, Gagetown, N. B.; Nurses' Residences and Their Supervision, Miss Edgar, Toronto Hospital for Sick Children; Are Our Nurses' Training Schools Educative? Miss M. Ard Mao- Kenzie, Lady Superintendent, Victorian Order of Nurses, Ottawa; Nursing Con- ditions in Labrador, Miss Bailey, Forteau, Labrador. Thursday morning: Management of Smaller Hospitals, Miss Neelin, Super- intendent Kincardine Hospital, Ontario, and Miss Cameron, Superintendent St. Joseph's Hospital, Glace Bay, Nova Scotia. Question Drawer — Conducted by Mrs. E. G. Fournier, Gravenhurst, Ontario. 2.30 p.m. Preliminary Training, Miss Gunn, Superintendent of Nurses, Toronto General Hospital, and Miss Stretton, Vancouver General Hospital; Paid Teachers in our Training Schools, Miss Strumm, Instructor of Nurses, Mont- real General Hospital; The Standard Curriculum, Miss Catton, Superintendent of Nurses, Lady Stanley Institute, Ottawa; Massage, Miss Manby of the Muller Institute for Physical Culture and Massage, Montreal; An Hour with Florence Nightingale, Miss Southcott, Lady Superintendent St. John's Hospital, New- foundland; Nursing Conditions in the Yukon, Miss Burkholder, Superintendent Good Samaritan Hospital, Dawson City. Sunday, All nurses visiting Halifax were invited to be guests at old St. Paul's at the morning service. 3.30 p.m. A mass meeting in the Technical College at which addresses were given by several clergymen upon the subject The Place of Religion in the Life of the Nurse. BIRTHS On May 24, at Plainfield, New Jersey, a daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Bennett. Mrs. Bennett was Alice M. Coffin, class of 1910, St. Barnabas Hospital, Newark. On May 25, a daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. Harry M. Shoemaker. Mrs. Shoe- maker was Bertha Cline, class of 1906, Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. On May 19, a daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Rick. Mrs. Rick was Alice Spang, graduate of the Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. On March 26, a daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Ferris. Mrs. Ferris was Delia Buck, class of 1909, Grant Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. In April, at Ridley Park, Pennsylvania, a son, to Mr. and Mrs. Francis Dundas. Mrs. Dundas was Ellen Mitchell, class of 1906, Howard Hospital, Philadelphia. On June 7, at Coatesville, Pennsylvania, a daughter, to Dr. and Mrs. C. H. Stone. Mrs. Stone was Elizabeth C. Hoopes, class of 1908, Howard Hospital, Philadelphia. On April 14, a son, to Dr. and Mrs. B. H. Matthews. Mrs. Matthews was Anna Lyman, class of 1907, St. Joseph's Hospital, Denver. On May 3, at Pontiac, Michigan, a daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Sherman. Mrs. Sherman was Minnie Wallace, graduate of St. Mary's Hospital, Detroit. 1028 The American Journal of Nursing MARRIAGES On June 1, at Troy, New York, Bessie M. Hanley, class of 1910, Troy Hos- pital, to Francis Ryan. Mr and Mrs. Ryan will live in Rochester. Miss Hanley was a school nurse in Troy. On June 8, at Watervliet, New York, Mary Dahlem, class of 1911, Troy Hos- pital, to Francis Sweeney. Mr. and Mrs. Sweeney will live in Troy, where Miss Dahlem was resident nurse at the County Hospital. On May 28, Lillian Jane McCloud, class of 1910, Presbyterian Hospital, Phila- delphia, to Walter Beale Lavelle, M.D. On March 26, Flora Brand, class of 1913, Grant Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, to C. Melvin Frank. Grace Lange, class of 1913, Grant Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, to Ben Aney. On June 6, at Fall River, Massachusetts, Gertrude Frances Borden, class of 1910, Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York, to Harvey Fitch Leib. On June 8, at the First Baptist Church, Fall River, Massachusetts, Ida Winifred Broomhead, class of 1913, Rhode Island Hospital, to Stuart Lloyd DeWitt, M.D. Dr. and Mrs. DeWitt will live in Grand Haven, Mich. Elinor Ashby, class of 1907, Chicago Hospital, Chicago, to Harry P. Grabel, M.D. Dr. and Mrs. Grabel will live in Kokomo, Indiana. Maude Gillas, class of 1906, Chicago Hospital, Chicago, to Harry Spooner. Bess Verdine, class of 1903, Chicago Hospital, Chicago, to R. C. Weeks. Mr. and Mrs. Weeks will live in Chicago. On June 1, at Bristol, South Dakota, Mary A. Murphy, class of 1910, St. Mary's Hospital, Rochester, Minnesota, to Frederick G. Vernon, M.D. Dr. and Mrs. Vernon will live in Merrill, Iowa. On May 11, in Randolph, Vermont, Florence L. Howe, class of 1908, German- town Hospital, Germantown, Pennsylvania, to Donald Clarke Wedgeworth. Mr. and Mrs. Wedgeworth will live in Syracuse, New York. On May 19, at the home of her father, in West Virginia, Clara Bell Richards, class of 1912, Altoona Hospital, Altoona, Pennsylvania, to Claude Vernon Turner. Mr. and Mrs. Turner will live in Pierce, Florida. On March 14, in Manila, Philippine Islands, Mayme Zeeter, class of 1908, Altoona Hospital, Altoona, Pennsylvania, to Murad M. Saleeby, of the Depart- ment of Agriculture of the United States. Mr. and Mrs. Saleeby will live in Manila. On June 4, in Grand Rapids, Michigan, Kate Hoist, class of 1913, Butter- worth Hospital, to John Borgman. Mr. and Mrs. Borgman will live in Grand Rapids. On June 10, in Grand Rapids, Michigan, Nellie Longejau, class of 1910, Butter- worth Hospital, to Nicholas L. G. VanKeulen. Mr. and Mrs. VanKeulen will live in Grand Rapids. On May 27, at St. Mary's Rectory, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, Elizabeth Thresher, class of 1905, Rhode Island Hospital, for several years a district nurse in Providence, to Edgar Joseph Dunbar, M.D. Dr. and Mrs. Dunbar will live in Pawtucket. On May 18, at St. Michael's Church, Providence, Rhode Island, Julia E. McCloskey, class of 1913, St. Joseph's Hospital, to William A. Gray. Mr. and Mrs. Gray will live in Providence. Nursing News and Announcements 1029 On May 27, Leona Turner, class of 1908, Howard Hospital, Philadelphia, to Alfred Barber Wilson. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson will live in Plainfield, New Jersey. On May 15, Anna Baareman, class of 1914, Bronson Hospital, Kalamazoo, Michigan, to Louis Buell. On April 22, at St. Augustine's Church, Kalamazoo, Michigan, Julia Red- mond, graduate of the Illinois Training School, Chicago, to Edward Kirwin. On June 16, at the Church of St. Cecelia, Boston, Theresa Dillon, graduate of Carney Hospital, to Paul Butler, M.D. Dr. and Mrs. Butler will live in Boston. On June 18, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Anne D. Van Kirk, graduate of the Presbyterian Hospital, New York, and former superintendent of nurses at Mt. Sinai Hospital, to William K. Gillett. Professor and Mrs. Gillett will live in Pelham Manor, N. Y. Professor Gillett is head of the Department of French and Spanish at New York University. On December 4, at Sandwich, Ontario, Canada, Ellen Callander, class of 1900, Farrand Training School, Detroit, to Thomas Hamilton. Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton are living in Chesterville, Ontario. On April 8, at Denver, Colorado, Selma Ida Muller, class of 1903, Stamford Hospital Training School, to Eugene Goodman Twitty. Mr. and Mrs. Twitty will live in Raton, New Mexico. On June 10, at the Annunciation Church, Detroit, Lillian E. Steen, class of 1906, St. Mary's Training School, Detroit, to Peter Joseph Platte. Mr. and Mrs. Platte will live in Detroit. On May 24, Alta A. Broillian, class of 1912, Fort Collins Hospital, Fort Col- lins, Colorado, to Henry Hildebrandt. Mr. and Mrs. Hildebrandt will live in Fort Collins. On June 16, at the Church of the Blessed Sacrament, Chicago, Mary Charlotte Seitsinger, class of 1909, Mercy Hospital, to John M. Lilly, M.D. Dr. and Mrs. Lilly will live in Chicago. On June 18, in Iowa City, Iowa, Genevieve Buck, class of 1912, Mercy Hos- pital, Chicago, to John Fry, M.D. Dr. and Mrs. Fry will live in Chicago. On May 29, Adele Richards, class of 1908, Mercy Hospital, Chicago, to Robert DeWolf Shephard. Mr. and Mrs. Shephard will live in Webster City, Iowa. On June 14, Zelma Reeves, class of 1913, Protestant Deaconess Hospital, Indianapolis, to John Varney. On June 7, at Fargo, North Dakota, Alice Olson, visiting nurse of the Asso- ciated Charities of Grand Forks, to Anthony Danielson. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel- son will live in Valley City, North Dakota. On June 1, Gertrude Jehle, class of 1913, Jewish Hospital of St. Louis, to Dr. Selig Simon. Dr. and Mrs. Simon will live in St. Louis. On July 2, Anna George, class of 1913, Jewish Hospital of St. Louis, to Alex- ander Hosch. DEATHS On June 10, at her late home in Los Angeles, Mrs. Annie E. O'Toole Cutting, class of 1902, St. Joseph's Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island. On May 10, at Perth Amboy, New Jersey, Mrs. Charles Hommann. Mrs. Hommann was Alice Patterson Miller, class of 1894, Elizabeth General Hospital and Dispensary, Elizabeth, New Jersey. 1030 The American Journal of Nursing On May 27, Carrie Hershey, graduate of the Altoona Hospital, Altoona, Pennsylvania, and a member of the alumnae association. On May 8, at Harper Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, Viola M. Ransom, class of 1907, St. John's Hospital, Cheyenne, Wyoming. Miss Ransom was a member of the staff of the Visiting Nurse Association of Detroit for nearly two and a half years. She performed her work faithfully, bore her illness with patience and fortitude and met death with faith and courage. On June 25, at her late home, Puslinch, near Guelph, Ontario, Canada, Jessie Barclay, class of 1906, Rhode Island Hospital. Miss Barclay had been caring for her sister, and was preparing something on the stove when her clothing caught fire. Before the flames could be extinguished she was so badly burned that she died within a few hours. She was a fine woman and stood very high in her profession. On June 24, at the home of her mother, Fort Smith, Arkansas, Lucy Josephine Kahrs, class of 1913, Sparks Memorial Hospital, Fort Smith. Miss Kahrs' death was very sudden, due to meningitis. On July 3, at Osborne Hall, New York, Edith Sampson, graduate of Bellevue Training School, and a Spanish-American War nurse. On March 22, Maude Potter, class of 1893, Illinois Training School. On May 25, at Harper Hospital, Detroit, Anna MacLaren, class of 1908, Passaic General Hospital, Passaic, N. J. Miss MacLaren was one of the early members of the Nurses' Central Directory. Lately she has been doing private nursing in Pontiac, preferring the quiet of a small place to the noise and confusion of the city. All who knew her will remember her cheerful and affable manner and will mourn her loss. On June 5, Mrs. Agnes Wolf, class of 1906, St. Mary's Training School, De- troit. Mrs. Wolf was Agnes Lennon, and was married only last July. Her sud- den and untimely death was a shock to all her friends. In April, at her home in Greenfield, Massachusetts, Maria Clark, class of 1888, Boston City Hospital. Miss Clark had retired from nursing and made a home for herself in her native town of Greenfield. On May 13, at the Deaconess Hospital, St. Louis, following an operation for appendicitis, Belle May Clemens, class of 1911, Rebekah Hospital, St. Louis. The burial was at Lebanon, Illinois. On May 12, at her home in Irvington, Kentucky, after a year's illness, Florence Cairn, class of 1909, Norton Memorial Infirmary, Louisville. Miss Cairn was a member of alumnae, county and state associations. She had a kind and gentle manner, and her many friends will mourn her loss. On June 29, at the Graduate Nurses' Home, South Bend, Indiana, Lily Rose Clark, class of 1913, Epworth Hospital, South Bend. Miss Clark was a native of England, she had been doing private nursing since her graduation. Her Chris- tian character and cheerful disposition endeared her to all who knew her. The burial was at LaPorte, Indiana. On May 24, at the Knickerbocker Hospital, New York, of typhoid fever, after an illness of only ten days, Mary Cheney, class of 1911, Laura Franklin Training School. Services were held at the hospital, and burial was at Poughkeepsie. Miss Cheney was president of the Laura Franklin Alumnae Association and had been night supervisor at the Knickerbocker Hospital since her graduation. She was a member of the Central Club for Nurses. Her associates unite in cherishing the memory of one whose loss is so keenly felt and whose devotion to her pro- Nursing News and Announcements 1031 fession, earnest interest and activity in furthering good work will always be remembered. Recently, Betzy Sehjoren, one of the oldest members of the Alumnae Asso- ciation of the Samaritan Hospital, Troy, New York. Miss Schjoren's trained mind and devotion to her work won the admiration of her associates. She was gentle, patient, kind and sympathetic and her associates mourn her death. On April 17, at St. Patrick's Hospital, Missoula, Montana, Jean Stephens, class of 1905, Tacoma General Hospital. Miss Stephens underwent a severe operation a few days before her death, she had been in frail health for some years. Her death was a shock to her many friends, few of whom knew she was ill. Miss Stephens came to Missoula eight years ago to take the position of office nurse for Dr. J. J. Buckley. She served so many people in her professional capacity, and her services had been so invariably cheerful and happy, that she had a warm spot in many hearts and there are few persons in the city whose deaths would occasion more grief than did that of this unassuming woman. Miss Stephens was a charter member of both county and state associations, she was a leader in the movement for bettering nursing conditions in Montana. Burial was at Victoria, British Columbia, where she was born and where her family lives. In May, Mrs. Belle C. Clark of Bellevue, Nebraska. Mrs. Clarke was a graduate of the Wise Memorial Hospital, class of 1911. On June 16, at the Deaconess Hospital, Indianapolis, Mrs. Roy Furman, who was Tessie Reitzel, graduate of the Indiana S. S. H. Hospital, La Fayette. Mrs. Furman was one of the staff of the Public Health Nurses Association in charge of Flanner Guild, the colored settlement. She did a splendid work and is greatly missed by all with whom she was associated. On July 5, at her sister's home in St. Elmo, Illinois, Cosetta Moon, class of 1903, Protestant Deaconess Hospital, Indianapolis, Ind. On May 17, Wilhelmina Murray, graduate of the Methodist Episcopal Hos- pital, Brooklyn, N. Y. Resolutions of sympathy were adopted by her Alumnae Association and extended to her family and Association.